Muscari (Muscari) belong to the genus of bulbous herbaceous perennials that belong to the Asparagus family. Popularly, this plant is often called the viper onion. In total, about 60 varieties of it are found in the botanical literature.
Under natural conditions, muscari grow near shrubs, on lawns surrounded by forests or in highlands in Europe, Asia Minor, and also in Mediterranean countries. They bloom very early and exude a wonderful aroma. For garden cultivation, decorative and undersized variations of this perennial are used, which are wonderful decorating lawns, flower beds, rock gardens or planted as curb plants.
Description of muscari flowers
Muscari grow from egg-shaped scaly bulbs. Their length is from 1.5 to 3.5 cm, and their diameter is up to 2 cm. With the onset of spring, long linear leaves appear on the stems, 6 pieces on each of them. The height of the plant reaches about 30 cm. The peduncle has no leaf envelope. The flowers have cylindrical perianths and form dense inflorescences. They consist of 6 interconnected petals with protruding edges. The color of the buds is white or dark blue. In their place, at the end of the season, a seed ball-shaped capsule is formed, in which there are small black seeds. The germination property of seeds can last for about one year. Muscari are preferred by many gardeners due to their attractive appearance and undemanding care.
Growing muscari in the garden
Many flower growers use these wonderful perennials when creating landscaping and a unique cozy atmosphere in the garden. Low varieties are great for borders. They look attractive on multi-tiered flower beds, among other ornamental plants. Lilac-blue muscari go well next to tall slender tulips, daffodils or orange hazel grouses.
Early flowering is characteristic of these perennials. The first inflorescences are formed even before the leaves appear on the trees. You can grow them in one area for 2-3 years. It is recommended to use loose and nutritious soil, as well as constantly maintain soil moisture. It is best to organize a site for growing a flower at some elevation, however, drafts and wind should be avoided.
Planting muscari outdoors
When to plant muscari
The optimal time is the end of autumn. Flowers in a flower bed are placed in groups. Bulbs of adult plants are used as planting material. When buying shoots in a store, you should pay attention to their integrity. Some nurseries offer to purchase ready-made seedlings with flowering muscari in the spring.
How to plant muscari correctly
Before you start planting, you need to inspect the bulbs. If there are rotten or dark ones, it is better to throw them away. For the purpose of prevention, the bulbs are dipped in a disinfectant solution of karbofos, followed by soaking in potassium permanganate. It is important to water the dug holes abundantly before planting. Then pour some river sand into them to provide a drainage effect. Large bulbs need to be buried deeper than small ones, and the distance between the holes must be at least 10 cm.
Muscari flower care
Even an inexperienced florist can handle the cultivation of muscari in a garden plot. It is important to take time to water at the beginning of the growing season. However, spring tends to bring rain and melt water, so you don't need to worry too much. In the event that the spring months are unusually dry, it is worth taking care of the plant.
Top dressing of muscari is carried out with solutions of organic fertilizers. This increases the fertility of the soil. At the end of the season, the perennial growing area is fertilized with humus or compost. If you observe the introduction of regular and full-fledged top dressing and from time to time dig up the soil, then muscari will feel great in one place much longer than ordinary perennials.
The flowering period of this species varies around 3 weeks. At this time, the plant does not need special care. It will be enough to slightly loosen the soil after watering, while preventing damage to the bulbous peel. When you notice that the bushes do not give the previous flowering, you should start replanting them.
Muscari after flowering
After flowering is complete, peduncles are removed from the perennial, and fertilizers in liquid form containing potassium and phosphorus are applied under the root. These components will be able to better preserve the bulbs during the winter. In the fall, watering is reduced. It is important to weed and loosen the soil around adult plants that have reached the age of five. Young groups of bulbous plants are mulched before winter using peat.
Storing muscari bulbs
To ensure reliable storage of the material, do not dig out the bulbs from flowering and green plants. It is better to wait until the leaves begin to dry. After that, you can remove the bulbs from the soil. Then they need to be dried well in the sand. During storage, it is required to maintain a humidity of no more than 70% and a temperature within 17 degrees. It is worth paying attention to the fact that it is recommended to plant muscari in the fall when digging up the soil, when there is an opportunity to do the separation of the bulbs in parallel. For this reason, it makes no sense to leave them for the next year to plant.
This perennial multiplies by dividing the bulb. Such activities are often performed in the fall when digging up the soil. The bulbs are carefully dug up and the babies are separated from them. Each bulb can hold about 30 babies.
In addition to the vegetative method, the plant often reproduces by self-seeding. In order that the flowers do not fill the entire area, it is better to take control of their flowering. As soon as it is over, it is necessary to cut the peduncles. To provide planting material, leave several seed pods on the stems. Dried seeds can be planted in the soil before winter at a shallow depth. With the onset of spring, the first young shoots appear in this area, which indicates the beginning of ripening of the bulb, but flowering will occur only in the second or third year after planting.
Diseases and pests
The danger to the plant is the yellow dwarf onion virus. Signs of the disease are the formation of mosaic spotting on the leaf blade and deformation of the peduncle. The plant stops growing and developing. Rarely, there are cases of infestation with cucumber mosaic, which leaves pale spots and stripes on the leaves. Aphids are carriers of the disease. It gets inside the bulb and slowly infects the plant. Any diseased muscari bushes must be removed from the site and burned to prevent the spread of the virus. As soon as the slightest traces of aphids appear, it is important to take action promptly. To do this, stir 2 tsp. liquid soap in two glasses of water. Spray the flowers with the resulting solution. The spider mite also belongs to the pests of Asparagus, which will have to be fought with the help of various chemicals, for example, vertimek or actofit.
Types and varieties of muscari
Muscari Armenian - This is the most frost-resistant variety among other types of this herbaceous perennial. Its flowering begins in May and lasts for 3 weeks. There is another name for this variety - "mouse hyacinth", in which the upper level of the petals is painted in a white tone, and the lower tier has a blue tint. The inflorescences have a rich and sweet aroma. Some of the most famous varieties are:
- Muscari Terry Blue Spike it is distinguished by its unique multifloral nature and unpretentiousness when growing; it is used in drawing up bouquets
- Christmas Pearl has bright purple flowers;
- Fantasy Creation it is a beautiful aciniform blue flower, in which the buds are painted in several tones;
Muscari uviform distributed in Altai and southern Europe. This variety is considered the most popular. Small flowers are blue. There are two types: Var. album with snow-white buds and Var. Carneum, which has clustered pink flowers.
Muscari broadleaf - This is a beautiful variety with wide leaf blades and rich dark inflorescences, and several peduncles can grow from one bulb.
Muscari pale found only in mountainous areas, has small light blue bell flowers. For growing in the garden, the White Rose Beauty variety with delicate pink flowers is often used.
Muscari crested can be called a unique plant. Its peduncle looks like a tuft of small purple-colored buds located on arched legs. Such a representative of Asparagus will look great on clubs and lawns among other ground covers. This can be, for example, Plumosum - a spreading shrub, on the stems of which bright purple flowers grow.
Muscari Tubergena can be seen in Iran. Flowering begins in April, when the plant is covered with blue inflorescences. When grown in a garden, this variety needs constant drainage.
Muscari is pretty blooms in winter. The short stalks are covered with oval bright blue flowers with a white border.
There are other varieties of muscari: long-flowered, large-fruited, changeable, white-green. They all differ in structure and shape.
Early undemanding perennial - Muscari (Mouse hyacinth)
Description of muscari flowers
The name of muscari flowers sounds different: they are called mouse hyacinth (because of the small inflorescences), viper onion, Armenian primrose and violinist. Muscari are perennial, bulbous plants from the asparagus family. Not so long ago, this primrose was ranked as hyacinth or lily.
Today, muscari varieties include more than 70 varieties of this plant. Wild muscari loves to settle on forest edges, grows on darkened slopes and in ravines in the North Caucasus, Turkey and Europe.
Muscari primroses, have a sweet, strong fragrance, differ from other garden plants in miniature size and grace.
Plants propagate by bulbs, grow bushy. An adult muscari reaches 35 cm in height. The classic muscari color is bright blue, with a pale blue rim around the peduncle.
The basal foliage of muscari flowers reaches a length of 18 cm, the leaves are linear, by the time of flowering, their number can vary from 4 to 7 pieces.
The root is bulbous, scaly. Muscari bulbs are resistant to temperature extremes, have an irregular, oval shape, and reach 2-5 cm in diameter.
Muscari blooms with small leafless, tubular, barrel-shaped or cylindrical flowers, collected in a cylindrical, racemose peduncle. When the peduncle is compressed, a kind of creak is formed, for which the Muscari are popularly called the violinist.
The size of the racemose peduncle of the muscari ranges from 2 to 9 cm, the apical up to 8 cm. The color depends on the varietal affiliation of the plant, muscari are of blue, light blue, pink and white colors.
After flowering, muscari fruits appear - winged, nesting, seed capsule. Black muscari seeds are very small, with a low germination rate. Muscari are unpretentious, they are perfect for decorating a garden and flower beds.
Bouquets in containers even novice gardeners will be able to grow.
Container garden it is not difficult to prepare a terrace for spring decoration. In late autumn, plant the bulbs in pots and bury the containers in the ground, for example, in the vacant beds. In the spring, when the ground has thawed well, dig them up, clean them of dirt, place them in beautiful pots and place them on the terrace or porch.
Bulbous garden module - another original and easy-to-implement idea. This is usually what is called a flower garden or any composition placed inside cobbled paths or areas. The module is “composed” at the stage of landscaping or is already created after the fact by taking out a few tiles and placing plants in their place. A stylish and unusual move allows you to visually expand the paving plane and add volume to various corners of the garden. The brightest modules are obtained from bulbous plants. But remember: they will delight the eye only in the spring, and the rest of the time they can be decorated with a backfill of colored chips or decorative stones.
On the lawn, you can arrange a small free flower garden only from bulbous. Pick up plants of different heights and colors and create a harmonious composition of them. Plant the bulbs of each of the varieties in a separate curtain, combining the colored "spots" to your liking. For example, in the background of a flower garden, you can place hazel grouses, then tulips, behind them - various varieties of daffodils, and at the very edge - muscari. Important: this flower garden will appear in the garden only in spring, and in summer it will be masked by an emerald lawn.
If you are a fan of tulips or another member of the bulbous family, organize collection fashion show: arrange a spring "Opening Day" right along the path. Tulips of each of the varieties group as square curtains, and underline the borders with ordinary photo frames painted in different colors. And don't forget about the beautiful name plates!
Bulbous "lawlessness" you can easily arrange in any corner of the garden. The main secret is the most tight fit.
Hyacinths, "Shod" in pretty shoes, - stylish and original floral decor for a terrace or patio.
Spherical inflorescences they look equally stylish both in landings and in a cut.
"Onion Sea" can look very impressive if the planting density is properly observed.
Muscari is more familiar to amateur flower growers under the name mouse hyacinth. This bulbous plant of the hyacinth family has long won the sympathy of many homeowners. And this is not surprising: it reproduces quite easily, is not demanding on the nature of the soil and begins to bloom one of the first, forming real carpets of the purest sky-blue color.
Muscari flowers are similar to lily of the valley flowers, and they are located on the stem in the same way: hanging from the pedicels, like little blue bells. Mouse hyacinth is also known for its scent reminiscent of musk. Hence its Latin name - Muscari.
Bulbs of mouse hyacinths are planted in September or October. Shortly after the bulbs are planted, green arrows appear, forming a small bush. Then a stem with buds grows above the bush, which open and delight the eye with bright candles for quite a long time. A careful transplant can be easily tolerated even in a flowering state.
The homeland of muscari is Asia, the Mediterranean, North Africa. There are 43 registered species. In culture, the most often used are Armenian muscari, aciniform muscari and broadleaf muscari. There are many varieties and varieties of muscari. In addition to the original blue, they can be white, pink, purple, greenish.
The easiest way to propagate mouse hyacinth is with daughter bulbs that develop after flowering, but you can also collect seeds when the capsule fruits are ripe.
Muscari is grown as an element of an alpine slide, in flower beds, along paths. They always look spectacular both in large groups and planted in a row along a certain line. Typically, they are planted in open areas such as a lawn, lawn, or clearing. You can plant a mouse hyacinth in the garden: it is quite resistant to the shade, in addition, it blooms in April-May, when the trees are not yet covered with dense foliage and do not block the sun's rays. Nevertheless, the proximity of muscari with evergreen shrubs should be avoided.
This flower is interesting not only in gardening, but also in indoor plant growing, blooming muscari looks beautiful when forcing in a pot, which is possible from the beginning of winter. Muscari are also good in a miniature bouquet, which, in their touchingness and tenderness, are not inferior to cut snowdrops and lilies of the valley.
Mensh vіdomі pervotsvіti
Do you want your spring flower bed to wake up not just drowned, look, ale and zdivuvannya? Viber quotes, the names of which may not be known to the nobility, can be found in the list of available quotes. For example ...
Cybulinny bagatorіchnі nevysokі (up to 10 cm) dewline, which can hatch from the beginning. It is just the smell of simple iris, the ale of the iris bloom in the grass-worms, and the Iridodictium - on the cob of spring (birch tree).
There are bright colors: blaky and blue, violet and purple, orange and chervony, one - from color beaches and swears.
Chi is not afraid of stony ground. In the list of cichs of other reddishes, you can see them in groups.
Well, to be ashamed to look, and you fit in with the price quote, as if tulips were already hanging around. Iridodiktium love rich sleepy light, light soil, rich food. Hang out in the first month of autumn, at the same time with tulips. If Roslin is up, it was accepted by Vicopuvati. So, distribute the cibulin (one to two children).
Hellebore (rozdvyana trojanda, christiv quitka)
Tsya roslina ma navіt a vasnu legend: it’s a lot of good things, but the hellebore itself was given by the shepherds as a gift to the nemovlyatі Ісусу. It was also a matter of great importance to plant a roselin on the floor, the black magic and psyche did not penetrate into the booths.
Tse vіchnozelena bagatorіchna roslin, koreneve. Blossom of flowers and crocuses. It can rise in light frosts (up to -5 degrees).
There are many rainbow colored small flowers, mothers have one, so there are two rows of peels.
It’s not up to the ground, you don’t want to love pivin (so you’ll see it from a tree, but remember - don’t like transplants, so it’s a lot of wines if you’ll grow a lot of rock). It is possible for people to multiply, it is also possible for a long time.
Quite a few days a week. Chervoni anemones are easy to get off with poppies, a little stench is a canopy, and poppies - a drop
In wild nature, it grows in the forests and flowers in bilim color, covering the Galyavin with kilim.
In the garden, I will love to eat (with humus), puddles, vologous soil. It grows out of korіntsya, it grows as it grows (tse varto robiti in early spring). For the winter, mulch the flower bed, so the root can lie high and may freeze.
This is the name given to the shape of a leaf-like organ.
Growing up in foils. Kvіti can be horny, yaskravo-blue.
MAY root, multiply itself (you can breed bushes). Saditi її varto in the beginning of spring or on the cob in autumn. To be afraid of the open minds (with direct sleepy interchanges), to love the vologue.
Bagatorichna roslina with tsibulinka, a relative of lilya.
The most beautiful garden species are the imperatorsky and shahovy hazel grouse (pictured).
There is a lot of cultural, garden primitive flowers. Ale all one is the best to open up wild streaks.