Many people are happy to try to grow some kind of fruit from the seed. I just want to put it in a pot of earth and look forward to the result. It is very interesting. But attempts are not always successful. But by observing the basic rules, the chances increase.
Technology of growing persimmon from stone
In order to grow a persimmon from a seed for planting, it is necessary to prepare several seeds, preferably different fruits. This increases the likelihood that some of them will necessarily grow. After all, a frozen fruit with lifeless seeds can be caught. For example, if you leave a dozen seeds for germination, you can get up to 8 good shoots, from which you can choose stronger plants that turn into fruit-bearing trees.
The result depends on the planting material. Ripe fruits should be purchased. Do not take frozen or overripe fruits, which are often found on street counters. The fruit should have an intact skin. It is better to take a not quite ripe fruit that will ripen successfully at home in a warm place.
The stone should be taken only from a ripe and soft fruit. They are carefully separated from the fruit, washed and dried. The prepared bones are washed with running water. It is better to disinfect the seeds before planting. This will protect them from diseases and pests. The bones are placed in a slightly colored solution of potassium permanganate for two to three days. If the seed is not suitable for germination, it will float to the surface. You can simply soak the seeds in warm water for a few hours.
At the first stage stratification needs to stimulate the growth of the future seedling. To do this, it is necessary to treat the bones with an epin solution or a special bioregulator, which can be bought in a specialized store. If not, then you can use aloe juice. It is squeezed onto a napkin and persimmon seeds are wrapped in it. Then the wet napkin is placed on the top shelf of the refrigerator for 1.5 months. Throughout this period, it is necessary to moisten the napkin with water, maintaining constant humidity. This will harden future seeds.
In the second stage scarification should be extremely careful and careful. The main task at this stage is to destroy the seed coat. This must be done carefully so as not to damage the core. The procedure can be done with a small sandpaper. She carefully handles the bone on the sides and on top. Scarification can be dispensed with, but it helps to speed up the germination process.
Stage three includes preparation of mail. Here, a rule is followed that applies to all seeds. The soil should be light, air and moisture permeable. Ordinary versatile fertile soil is fine. Vermiculite can be added to it. At the bottom of the pot, it is imperative to pour a little expanded clay as drainage. Don't forget about the hole in the bottom of the pot.
The main task of the fourth period - plant a bone. This is done simply. The bones are placed on the surface, sprinkled with a layer of soil 1 centimeter high. The earth is lightly watered, moistening it. After that, the container where the seeds were planted is placed in a dark and warm place, creating a greenhouse environment. To do this, cover the container with something. A cap, a piece of glass or plastic is suitable as a material. The easiest and most affordable option is to place the pot in a plastic bag.
The above manipulations are best done in early spring, since persimmon is a winter fruit. For successful seed germination, the plant needs to create favorable conditions by providing the appropriate temperature. Do not forget about proper care. The bottom of the container needs to be heated, make sure that the plant is shaded. During the heating season, the sprout can be put on the battery. It is also necessary to maintain constant soil moisture. Condensation must be systematically removed from glass and plastic. From time to time you need to ventilate the plant, make sure that mold does not appear. Drafts should be avoided, as persimmon loves warmth.
The whole process of seed germination takes about a month. It is very important not to miss the moment when the bones hatch. They should not rest against the film. They are immediately freed from the bone shell, which is located on the sprout itself. Not all seeds can germinate. The most viable shoots will hatch. This happens in about 10-15 days. If during these days the sprouts have not hatched, then there is no need to wait any longer, there will be no result. Better to start over.
After the seed has germinated, it is easy to care for the plant. The container with the sprout is placed in the light. It should be bright, but the direct rays of the sun should not fall. It happens that the bone remains at the end of the sprout. It must be carefully removed with a knife, tweezers, needle or scissors. If this is not done, the plant will disappear. When the bone sits very tightly, it is sprayed with warm water, wrapped in a bag and placed in a warm place overnight. It will steam out, and it will not be difficult to remove it.
The sprouts should be watered periodically. It is good to feed them with nitrogen-containing fertilizer. If the plant is not fertilized, then the young tree may die, and the leaves will turn yellow.
Persimmon sprouts sprout quickly. If several sprouts have hatched, they need to be planted in separate spacious containers when permanent leaves appear. When the seedling gets stronger, the root system and leaves develop, it is transplanted to a permanent place. For these purposes, a small pot is suitable, about 10 centimeters in height. If the container is too large, the soil will oxidize and the roots will rot. For the plant to be healthy and strong, to grow well, the soil and the pot must be of high quality.
If there is a fear that the plant will die from hypothermia, then at first the sprouts can be covered with glass jars. From time to time they need to be opened, ventilated and sprayed. The plant will harden and get used to the environmental conditions.
Considering all the stages of growing persimmons at home, we can say that there is nothing complicated in this. It will take about 4 months and a young full-fledged plant will appear, which will attract guests. And you can boast that you have grown a persimmon from a stone. In any case, you can try. It's easy and affordable if you follow the rules. But in order for the plant to grow full-fledged, you need to take good care of it. But you can read how to properly care for persimmon in our separate article.
Pitted persimmon at home: planting and growing
Exotic plants on the windowsill are an opportunity to diversify the phytodesign of an apartment or office. Sometimes the gardener is driven by simple human curiosity. For example, I want to know how to grow a persimmon from a stone on a windowsill at home - is it possible, will the tree bear fruit and delight its owners with bright orange berries. A separate question is how to care for the plant so that it pleases with its emerald greenery and rapid growth in conditions of short daylight hours in winter and when the air is dry near central heating batteries.
Let's say right away that persimmon from a stone at home grows rather slowly and the first results of hard daily work will be visible only after 4-5 years. It is during this period that the first flowering of the bush can be expected. After about 8 months, the tree will endow you with fragrant and bright berries that can be eaten.
In the proposed material, you can familiarize yourself with the entire agrotechnical process and gain the necessary knowledge for yourself on how to grow persimmons at home from a seed obtained from a ripe fruit. Planting and growing is a process that requires not only knowledge, but also experience. And you can glean it from the advice of experienced gardeners.
To grow a persimmon from a stone, you need to germinate this very bone first, for this it is necessary: take the seeds from the fruit just eaten, rinse thoroughly with water, dry a little and put the seeds in a pot of earth, approximately to a depth of 1 - 2 cm, after which the pot should be covered with cellophane and put to a warm place. There is a method of sprouting persimmons in cotton wool. The pot with a persimmon bone can be put on the battery. Seedlings usually appear 1-2 weeks after planting, it is almost useless to keep it longer than this period. From time to time, the cellophane pot needs to be checked, add water as the soil dries 1.5 cm. After the sprouts appear, the cellophane should be removed from the pot. Persimmon sprouts are usually very long, from 10 to 15 cm. It can remain on the sprout, or rather at the end of the sprout, a bone, its valves are quite closed, and if it does not fall off after a few days, the sprout may die.
To prevent this from happening, the plant must be carefully helped by removing the bone. You can remove the bone with a sharp knife, scissors or a needle, if the bone sits very tightly, it must be steamed, i.e. spray the plant, cover with a plastic bag and place the pot in a warm place overnight, after such a procedure, the bone will be removed much easier. A sprout can also die from an untimely transplant into another pot, persimmon grows very quickly, for this reason it must be transplanted frequently, choosing all large containers, with a lack of space for the root system, the sprout will inevitably die. In the event of a lack of substrate, the leaves on the plant may stop growing and even turn yellow.
Caring for persimmon in the summer consists in keeping the plant in a well-lit place, it can be a balcony or a courtyard. The leaves of the plant can get sunburn from habit, so that this does not happen, the first week after the "exit" of the plant on the street, it must be accustomed to new conditions and slightly shaded. During the growing season, it is necessary to carry out top dressing, alternating organic and mineral fertilizers, this is done 2 times a month. In October - November, the plant must be transferred to a room where the temperature is from + 5 to +3 degrees Celsius (a cellar is also suitable). The soil in the pot must be covered with a layer of wet sawdust, which must be monitored during the winter, occasionally sprinkling, preventing them and the soil from drying out. In mid-February or early March, you need to do a transshipment, water the plant abundantly with water and put it in a bright place. Young seedlings must be formed into small trees, at a level of 0.3-0.5 m, the top should be pinched in order for branching to take place. It is necessary to leave 2-3 apical shoots, and when they are 20-40 cm tall, they must be pinched in order to form branches of the 2nd order, then 2-3 branches are also left, etc. You need to form a tree in a round shape with a height of about 1.5 m. Persimmon grows quickly and the first flowers on the plant will appear at the age of 3 - 4 years. Usually, a persimmon tree at home or in the winter backside grows up to 1.5 meters in height (you can limit growth by pruning, and regulate the splendor of the crown by shaping).
In the summer, the persimmon tree should be placed in a well-lit place, protected from the wind, the tree also needs regular watering and spraying, the tree will begin to bloom in June. During the growing season, persimmons need to be fed with mineral fertilizers 2 times a month, only so that they have a low nitrogen content. I would also like to note that in winter, the persimmon tree must be kept cool so that the temperature in no case exceeds +10 degrees, the soil must be moist, the soil must be sprayed, but waterlogging must not be allowed, as this will lead to the death of the plant. When the fruits are still on the tree, low temperature is not harmful to them, since when the temperature drops, the content of tannids in the fruits decreases, which has a positive effect on the taste of the fruit.
Agrotechnics of homemade tomato tree - persimmons
Growing persimmons at home is associated with the creation of "tropical" conditions for the plant. It means:
- A potted plant needs a lot of diffused light, in spring and autumn with additional lighting for 2-3 hours. Persimmon cannot stand direct sunlight; on a clear summer day, the window should be covered with gauze.
- In summer, the plant loves fresh air, but no wind, shaded.
- You need to water the tree in small portions, without creating stagnation and dirt in the box.
- Daily spraying on the leaves is required.
- During the rest period, the tree sheds its leaves and can be stored at temperatures up to -15 0. Usually, +5 -10 degrees is enough in a dark underground, with periodic moistening of a lump of earth.
- During the growing season, moderate feeding, replanting or renewal of the upper layer of the substrate are required.
Home care for a persimmon from a stone to obtain a fruitful tree is associated with maintaining a balance of stressful conditions with favorable ones. This is how trees are forced to bear fruit in conditions unusual for them. Limited doses of fertilizers do not allow the vegetative mass to grow, otherwise the roots will not cope. On the other hand, artificial supplementary lighting and the absence of a draft is comfortable for persimmons. Regular crown formation inhibits the growth of the ground part and helps the roots.
How to water persimmon is a special science. If the tree stands in a bright room with a high temperature, the leaves dry out. It is necessary to water the plant with warm water more often, but do not create dirt in which there is no air, the roots are suffocating. Moderation is needed in everything. Watering cannot replace daily spraying, creating fog in the crown. Spraying on the leaves is carried out several times a day in hot weather. To increase the humidity, place an aquarium, saucer or tray with pebbles and wet moss near.
Proper care of persimmon plantings
The improvised "greenhouse" must be constantly monitored, moistened and ventilated so that mold does not form due to the accumulation of condensate. After 10-15 days, tender green shoots should appear, then glass or polyethylene can be removed.
The improvised "greenhouse" must be constantly monitored, moistened and ventilated
Thin stems are not always able to get rid of the shell from which they sprouted themselves. Use tweezers and scissors to remove it yourself from the top of the small plants. Without your help, a weak shoot can simply die. And to make the shell easier to separate from the sprout, sprinkle it with water and put a plastic bag on the glass overnight.
The seedlings will grow very quickly, so they will need frequent replanting in larger containers. Transplant plants along with a clod of earth - their thin root system is very easy to damage. The first transplant will need to be carried out when the first two leaves appear on the sprouts, the second time "re-transplant" the seedlings, as soon as they reach 35-40 cm in height.
Do not overload the plant in a pot that is too large: if there is too much soil unoccupied by the roots, this can cause acidification of the soil or the appearance of root rot.
Are you afraid that the persimmon from the stone will grow poorly and die in the early stages from lack of heat? Then, for the first time, cover the cups with seedlings with glass jars, opening them periodically for airing and spraying with water. Gradually remove the jars for longer, hardening the plants and accustoming them to environmental conditions.
You can also grow persimmons from seeds at home. For this, the bones are carefully prepared, the soil is selected.The pots are placed on the lightest window and monitored for temperature, humidity and other conditions.
Selection and germination of persimmon seeds
The seeds can be ordered from trusted suppliers or extracted from the fruit yourself. Moreover, the fruit must be ripe, without external damage. If they are green, they can be kept for 3-5 days at room temperature or next to a battery to ripen. At the same time, the fruits should not be frozen - they can only be taken during the harvest period (September and October). If the persimmon is covered with mold, dark spots, such seed should also be discarded.
Seeds are pre-checked for germination and pickled. For this, a pinkish (no more than 1%) solution of potassium permanganate is prepared and all the grains are immersed in them. Withstand 2 days. If any grains float, they are removed.
Next, the seeds must be immersed in a growth stimulant solution. To do this, you can take "Epin", "Kornevin", "Zircon".
Instead, it is permissible to use freshly squeezed aloe juice diluted with water 2 times.
After keeping in a solution that stimulates growth, the seed is wrapped in a damp cloth and sent to the refrigerator (on a shelf with vegetables) for 3 months
The fabric is periodically moistened with water. The napkin must be kept moist at all times. It is recommended to put the cloth with seeds in a plastic container with a lid, then you can practically not add water.
Planting is planned for the spring. The best time is from late March to early April. Previously, it is not worth it, since it will not be possible to germinate persimmon seeds with a lack of sunlight. 5 days before planting, a wet wipe is kept for a week next to the radiator (but not on the radiator itself). In this case, you need to look for mold on the bones. If a problem is found, then the damaged grains should be discarded, since it will not work to grow persimmons from such seed.
By the time of planting, the sprouts from the persimmon seed should already hatch. If this does not happen, it is recommended to file the side hard edges with sandpaper. This will help speed up the germination process.
To do this, file the sides of the grains with sandpaper and immerse them for a day in warm water with a solution of a growth stimulator. Then they are planted in fertile soil and grown under a film.
Soil and drainage preparation
At home, persimmon seed can only germinate in fertile and light soil. It is necessary to purchase a universal soil for seedlings or compose it yourself on the basis of the surface layer of earth, humus or compost, sand and peat in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1. Pebbles, expanded clay and other small stones are used as drainage. They are placed on the bottom of the container.
To get a tree with fruits, you need to plant persimmon seeds according to the following instructions:
- Thoroughly loosen and moisten the substrate from the sprayer (the water should be separated, at room temperature).
- Deepen the bones 2–2.5 cm with the edge down (put on their side) at a distance of 5 cm from each other.
- Sprinkle with loose soil without tamping it.
- Cover with foil or plastic bag, making several holes in it.
- Put in a warm place (on a lighted window).
If all requirements are met, seed persimmon sprouts (pictured) will appear in 6-8 weeks.
Seedlings make their way to the surface for a rather long time, this period can last up to two months after planting.
Diseases and pests, control methods
With improper care, persimmon can be affected by diseases:
- powdery mildew
- gray and root rot
- black spot
The ideal environment for the development of bacterial and fungal infections is high humidity, stagnant water in the ground. Also, problems arise due to insufficient lighting, excess fertilizers.
To avoid illness, it is recommended:
- timely cut and thin out the crown
- ventilate the room or move the pot to fresh air
- control watering
- place the persimmon in a bright place.
To combat fungal and bacterial infections, use:
Before and after flowering, spray the leaves with Bordeaux mixture or another preparation with copper.
Remove and burn affected shoots. Treat the remaining leaves with soapy water. After a day, wash it off with a warm shower. Cover the primer with foil so as not to wet it.
For severe lesions, insecticides are used:
Re-treatment is recommended after 1-1.5 months.
Video about growing persimmon from stone, as well as keeping a tree at home: