Fight against parasites

Fight against parasites

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What to do if white hairy bugs appear on the orchid. How can you get rid of them

Orchids require careful care, but a caring owner will be repaid a hundredfold - these delicate plants look magical during flowering, bringing a special, "overseas" note to the atmosphere of the house. Numerous pests who want to feast on delicate flowers and leaves can darken this idyll. Unfortunately, orchids are susceptible to attacks by parasitic insects, and mealybug is one of their frequent guests.

If white hairy bugs appear on the orchid, you need to save the plant quickly, since getting rid of this insect at home can be difficult, and they can cause significant damage to the plant. It is easier to prevent the appearance of a pest by taking preventive measures in time.

Flower pest control

For healing, the aster seeds are immersed in a 3-day infusion of marigold seeds (1 tbsp. L. Per 100 g of water) for 30 minutes. Spraying flower crops with such an infusion protects them from a number of pests. Garlic is good against pests and diseases of gladioli. In spring, pickled gladioli bulbs are planted in the aisles of garlic. Against the fusarium wilting of asters, it is effective to grow them together with nasturtium and petunias.

It is useful to expose pots with pelargonium between peonies, gladioli and other flowers for the summer - the essential oils and phytoncides of pelargonium scare away aphids. Growing lilies together with peonies and perennial phloxes will protect lilies from gray mold. Calendula grown among roses will protect them from many diseases, in particular from nematodes. Against aphids on cloves, they use: 1) an infusion of alder leaves - 1 kg of crushed dry leaves or 2 kg of fresh leaves are infused in 10 liters of water for 1 day, then boiled for half an hour, cooled, filtered and 30-40 g of dark laundry soap is added. 2) infusion of Sophora - 1, 2 kg of crushed leaves are poured with 10 liters of hot water, infused for a day, filtered and diluted with water 162 with the addition of 40 g of soap.

Against the black leg of asters and levkoy, black rot of gladioli and other diseases, an infusion of marigolds is used. Fill 1/2 an enamel bucket with crushed dry plants of marigolds and pour warm water to the top, leave for 2 days and filter. To the resulting infusion add 40 g of soap.

Against fusarium on gladioli, garlic infusion is used. Take 50 g of chopped garlic, pour 10 liters of water and, after thoroughly mixing, infuse for 24 hours, then filter and use.

To combat spider mites, thrips, scale insects and mealybugs, the following remedy is used: - 100 g of crushed Persian chamomile is poured into 1 liter of water, insisted for 12 hours, filtered. Against pests - 5 ml of infusion and 5 g of green or laundry soap are diluted in 1 liter of water, mixed and sprayed. All flowers are watered with warm water from a watering can one day after spraying.

Risk factors

Mealybug affects weakened plants, practically without attacking healthy ones. Infection of orchids occurs in the event of metabolic disorders in the plant. There can be two reasons for this:

  • excess plant fertilization
  • improper living conditions - lack of light and dry air (which is typical for urban housing in winter).

In both cases, the composition of the sap of the plant changes, which makes it vulnerable to the pest.

Control measures

How to get rid of pests? This question haunts many indoor plant lovers. Fight pests in a variety of ways. For example:

  • Mechanical.
  • With the help of biologicals.
  • With the help of chemical control agents.
  • Based on folk recipes.

Mechanical method

This is an environmentally friendly, simple and affordable way to fight parasites on your own. To do this, you need to take a tool, preferably disinfected, and cut off the damaged parts of the plants. It is better to treat the cut sites with activated carbon. Pests that can be seen with the naked eye can be easily picked out with your hands, unless there are so many plants and pests.

An interesting recipe! A contrast shower will help to rid indoor plants of parasites. It is enough to spray the flower with water, and then wipe the leaves with a cotton swab and the problem can be solved.

Folk remedies

Many lovers of indoor plants, to protect them from various insects, as well as in cases of their diseases, prefer folk remedies. These funds have been tested for many decades, so you should not doubt their effectiveness. Decoctions prepared on the basis of plants such as chamomile, nettle, yarrow, dandelion or marigold are absolutely harmless to humans and plants. The same effect is possessed by solutions prepared on the basis of garlic and onions. The prepared solutions are simply sprayed on the plants, almost every day.

Alternatively, you can use citrus peels, which you just need to dig into the ground. The smell of these components is not tolerated by many parasites that want to settle on indoor plants.

Solutions based on wood ash, furacillin, soda or potassium permanganate work no less effectively in this direction. You just need to properly prepare the solution, after which the plants are sprayed with a spray bottle.

It's important to know! If you add a little soap, preferably household soap, to the solutions, then the product will not drain from the leaves so quickly that it will enhance the effect of using the product.

Biological method

Biological preparations differ in that they act only on certain types of pests and are safe in relation to humans and pets. Despite this, the working composition must be prepared correctly and used correctly. For example:

  • The solution is prepared strictly according to the instructions.
  • After processing, the plant should dry out.
  • The room needs to be well ventilated.

For such purposes, you can use such means of struggle as "Agrovertin", "Fitoverm" or "Iskra-Bio".

Chemical method

Chemicals are highly effective, therefore, it is possible to get rid of all pests in a short period of time. The only problem is their toxicity, which is dangerous for both humans and pets. Such drugs are best used in extreme cases, especially since they cannot always be used.

Remember! The use of toxic substances in the fight against insects requires the use of personal protective equipment. In this case, you must strictly follow the instructions.

Means such as "Chlorofos", "Pyrethrum", "Karbofos" and others will help to quickly rid plants of harmful insects.

The fight against harmful insects is a responsible event that allows you to preserve houseplants in their original beauty.