The healing properties of garlic
It is difficult to find such a person who would not know garlic and eat it at least once in his life. This spicy vegetable is added to dozens of dishes: in salads, make an appetizer with it, and a huge amount of garlic is also required for various preparations for the winter vegetables or mushrooms.
Many fans of this vegetable simply take a bite of it with hot borscht or cabbage soup. And if you take a bun and lightly brown it until crisp in a frying pan with sunflower oil, and then rub the hot surface with a chopped clove of garlic!
Here, as they say, you can swallow your tongue, but you can also put a sprat or two on top of this crouton, and then add a slice of salted or fresh cucumber... And you can no longer continue - everyone reading these words is already salivating. And the reason for this is garlic, its aroma and burning taste.
Therefore, this burning spicy culture is planted in almost every area. About secrets growing garlic on the beds on our website you can find many publications: and about garlic arrow (winter), and non-shooting garlic (spring). In these articles, you will learn everything about the rules of agricultural technology, varieties, reproduction, rejuvenation of bulbs, and storage of crops.
We're going to talk about the medicinal properties of this popular culture. According to scientists, garlic comes from Central Asia. It was there that they first began to eat it, and the medicinal properties of this vegetable were also appreciated there. How to imagine a real Uzbek pilaf without garlic! And it gradually spread throughout Asia and Europe. Somewhere more appreciated its culinary properties, in other places - medicinal.
Even the father of modern medicine, Hippocrates, recommended the use of garlic for many diseases, primarily gastric. And the historian Herodotus wrote that garlic, onion and radish were required in the diet of the builders of the Egyptian pyramids, because they strengthened health and strength.
When the plague raged in Europe in the Middle Ages, people, trying to survive, consumed garlic every day.
According to scientists, garlic came to Russia via trade routes from Central Asia. Since ancient times, it has been eaten by Russians and served as a medicine for many diseases; many folk recipes for using this vegetable for medicinal purposes have survived to this day.
Useful and medicinal properties garlic are explained by the presence in it of many elements valuable for the human body. It contains carbohydrates, protein, nitrogenous and sulfurous substances, potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, iron, zinc, phosphoric and silicic acids, vitamins C, PP, B1, B2, B5, B6, choline, essential oils and phytoncides, glycosides. Garlic is also rich in selenium, a powerful antioxidant.
With the help of garlic, folk medicine, and then official medicine, began to cure many diseases, from an elementary rhinitis to serious heart and vascular diseases. It turned out that garlic is a natural antibiotic that helps to strengthen the immune system, it helps to remove harmful bacteria, intestinal parasites from the body, and viruses from the blood.
Recent research has shown that garlic has anti-cancer and antioxidant properties. Recently, there was a report on the Internet by American scientists that the use of garlic inhibits the development of brain cancer. In addition, it helps the body to resist negative environmental factors such as cold, slush, and sudden changes in temperature.
The sulfurous substances contained in garlic have a positive effect on the condition of the walls of blood vessels, making them more elastic, they prevent the formation of blood clots in them, help lower blood pressure, preventing the occurrence of angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and sclerosis.
There are many recipes for the use of garlic for the prevention and treatment of various diseases. The pharmaceutical industry produces several medicinal products from garlic. For example, garlic tincture and allylsat (alcohol extract from garlic bulbs). It is used for intestinal atony, to suppress the processes of putrefaction and fermentation in it, as well as in atherosclerosis and hypertension.
In pharmacies, you can find allahol tablets - a preparation based on dry garlic extract. It is used for acute inflammation of the liver and gallbladder, as well as for the usual constipation.
Garlic extract in the form of a tincture is used for respiratory diseases - bronchitis, tracheitis, tracheobronchitis, pneumonia. Used for adults only.
In folk medicine, the range of application of garlic and its preparations is much wider.
Treatment of angina and laryngitis with garlic
To obtain a remedy, you need to peel and finely chop 5-6 medium cloves of garlic. The resulting gruel must be diluted in a glass of fresh milk, and then boil this milk. After cooling this remedy, it must be taken for these diseases, one teaspoon several times a day.
To obtain it, you need to place 300 grams of peeled garlic in a half-liter jar with a tight-fitting lid and pour vodka to the top. Insist for at least three weeks in a dark place, regularly shaking the jar with the contents.
It is recommended to take this tincture 20 drops every day, diluting it in half a glass of warm milk. Such a remedy helps to cleanse blood vessels, stomach, reduces blood pressure, relieves cerebral spasms.
This tincture can also be used to treat sore throat. To do this, ten drops of the medicine are dissolved in a glass of warm water and the throat is gargled with this liquid. This should be done at least three times a day.
Fortifying infusion of garlic
To obtain it, 4-5 cloves of garlic need to be chopped and filled with 200 ml of wine. Insist for at least three hours. Take the infusion one teaspoon three times a day before meals. It has a tonic and anti-cold effect.
Garlic relieves worms
To obtain the drug, 2-3 cloves of garlic are ground well, and then poured with half a liter of warm milk. With the help of the resulting liquid, enemas are given to get rid of pinworms.
Tibetan Garlic Elixir
To prepare a tincture according to a Tibetan recipe, which became widely known in our country at the end of the last century, you need high-quality garlic of a new crop, in which all the useful substances of this vegetable are preserved. It is recommended to use only natural materials in the process of work - wood, glass, clay.
Garlic is peeled and washed, dried, and then crushed with a wooden pestle in a wooden mortar.
To obtain the elixir, 350 g of garlic is crushed, and this crushed mass is placed in a glass bottle, preferably dark in color. Then 200 ml of alcohol (70%) is poured there. The bottle is sealed and placed in a cool and dark place for 10 days. Then the liquid is filtered, the precipitate is wrung out, and the elixir is infused in the same bottle for about a week. After the end of the infusion, this elixir is taken according to a rather complicated scheme with an increase and then a decrease in the number of drops per dose.
The scheme is something like this: drink the filtered elixir, starting with 1 drop, diluting it in a tablespoon of milk three times a day before meals. On the first day, drink 1 drop for breakfast, two for lunch, and three for dinner. On the following days, the dose is increased by a drop for each meal, and after the fifth day, when the intake is 15 drops in the evening, they begin to reduce the rate by the same drop.
Starting from the eleventh day, use 25 drops a day until the elixir runs out.
It is recommended to repeat this course of treatment no earlier than after five years. There is also a simpler regimen for taking this medication. It is for those who do not have time to count the drops. It is recommended to drink 5 drops of the elixir three times a day, diluting them in 50 ml of milk.
According to the healers, this elixir has a beneficial effect on atherosclerosis, angina pectoris, heart attack, stroke, tuberculosis, hypertension, improves vision, makes the immune system more resilient, cleanses the entire body from toxins, cleanses the blood and blood vessels.
Garlic with climacteric neuroses
To eliminate insomnia and headaches, it is recommended to eat 2-3 cloves of garlic.
Garlic is not recommended for gastritis with high acidity and for exacerbations of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, with diseases of the liver and kidneys. Since it thins the blood, it should not be used for hemorrhoids.
It is best not to eat garlic for women during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. Before starting treatment, it does not hurt to consult a doctor.
Photo by E. Valentinov
Common tansy: medicinal properties, application
Genus Tanacetum, family Astroceae
Choleretic, diuretic and anthelmintic. Treats female diseases
Procurement of raw materials
Flowers are harvested in summer, fruit in autumn.
The duration of treatment with preparations from tansy is no more than 7 days. Tansy is contraindicated in pregnant women and children, hypertensive patients and ulcers
Gastritis, colitis, cholecystitis, stomach ulcer, dysentery, constipation, hemorrhoids, urolithiasis, gout, rheumatism, cancer
Common tansy is an effective medicinal plant for female diseases, stomach pains, worms, rheumatism and headache. Tansy flowers keep flies, fleas, bedbugs and other insects away. The article will help you to properly prepare medicines from tansy.
Common tansy (lat. Tanacetum vulgare, English Tansy) is a rough, tall, perennial herb belonging to the Asteraceae family. The popular names of tansy reflect the medicinal nature of the plant: worm, button plant, wild mountain ash, field mountain ash, nine-leaf, nine-brother, roe fern, love spell, Russian musk. The flowers and fruits of tansy are used for medicinal purposes.
Traditional medicine has a positive attitude towards preparations based on common tansy. Most often, worms (pinworms, roundworms, tapeworms, etc.) are expelled from tansy with drugs, and women's diseases are also treated. Less commonly, tansy is prescribed for the treatment of diseases of the stomach and intestines, rheumatism, headaches, etc.
Tansy drives out bedbugs, lice, fleas, as well as flies and mosquitoes. Insects do not tolerate the smell of tansy flowers - 100% of the flies die within 15 minutes.
Tansy is a poisonous plant, therefore, when using common tansy for medicinal purposes, it is required strict dosage... The duration of treatment with preparations from tansy is no more than 7 days. Tansy is contraindicated in pregnant women and children, hypertensive patients and ulcers.
The healing properties of badan
Badan is widely used in folk medicine, being among the most useful plants. Bergenia infusions, decoctions and teas are a treasure trove of healing properties. Medicines from badan stop blood, relieve inflammation, lower blood pressure, relieve headaches and migraines, strengthen the walls of blood vessels, heal wounds, and improve immunity.
Healing preparations from bergenia are prepared as an aid to specialized drugs in the treatment of whooping cough, dermatoses, hemorrhoids, rheumatoid arthritis, pneumonia, gastritis, laryngitis and uterine fibroids.
Badan as a medicinal plant is very popular among women, as infusions and decoctions from it help to cope with many gynecological ailments. For example, specialized treatment of cervical erosion, inflammation of the appendages, cystitis, and fibroids can be supplemented by douching with a badan decoction. The recipe is pretty simple. Pour 5 tablespoons of the fermented plant with a glass of boiled water. After being in a water bath for half an hour, strain the solution. Such douching should be done in the evening for 1.5 months.
With an abundant or painful menstrual cycle, it is advised to take in small quantities an extract of badan.
And, of course, the unique properties of badan have found application in the field of cosmetology. Bergenia is used in herbal blends to combat acne, narrow enlarged pores, and treat seborrheic dermatitis.
Badan is often called "the herb of real men." After all, decoctions and teas from this plant help to strengthen masculine strength. To achieve a more pronounced effect, badan is mixed with ginseng extract, St. John's wort and a decoction of golden root.
Can bergenia benefit not only adults but also children? Medicines made from badan are good for the prevention and treatment of childhood diseases. However, in this case, it is necessary to pay attention to the nature of the disease.
The substances contained in the leaves and rhizome of bergenia can be beneficial in some cases, and even harm in others. Therefore, herbal decoctions can be given to a child only after reaching the age of seven.
Badan copes well with diarrhea in the child's body. Grind the prepared, fermented leaves of bergenia in advance and infuse in boiling water for 20 minutes. Add honey to the resulting product. Take this infusion in the morning and in the evening as an analogue of ordinary leaf tea.
How to remove garlic
Many people think that harvesting garlic is easy and simple. This is not so, because we are talking about a procedure that causes fear. There are several collection features to consider:
- ripe garlic begins to gain moisture quickly. If you delay digging it out, taste and useful qualities deteriorate. Also garlic will be more difficult to preserve
- if it rains, it is better to refuse collection. A humid environment is believed to negatively affect him
- Pulling out plants by the tops, you can easily damage the bulb. And if the bulb is damaged, it is no longer suitable for long-term storage. Of course, if it will be used right now, you can safely collect it in such a barbaric way.
- it is impossible to remove the roots immediately after harvesting
- pre-dig the onion a little, for this you can use a pitchfork or a shovel, it all depends on the convenience of each summer resident
- dug tubers must be dried for 5 to 9 hours in the fresh air. Do not dry in wet weather, only dry and sunny
- drying is best done in a greenhouse if it can be ventilated. It makes no sense to start storing garlic without preliminary drying, because it accumulates unnecessary moisture
- after drying, you need to remove the roots. It is better to leave about 3 mm, more is possible. If the roots are removed and the bulb is damaged, it cannot be preserved.
For long-term storage, cool and dry air is required. Excessive moisture in the air is the sure death of garlic. Therefore, it is better to refuse storage in the basement.
Botanical features of garlic
Garlic is an annual herb. In culture, two groups of garlic varieties are distinguished - spring and winter. Winter varieties are subdivided into arrow and non-arrow. Garlic reproduces vegetatively. Shooting garlic varieties are propagated by air bulbs (bulbs) and chives. Non-shooting, winter varieties and spring varieties - only with cloves.
When propagated by chives, in the very first year, a full-fledged head of garlic is obtained (a bulb divided into chives). When planting bulbs (air bulbs), small one-toothed bulbs grow in the first year - bulbs, when they are planted the next year, large bulbs are obtained with division into cloves.
Root system in garlic, it is fibrous, consists of a large number of string-shaped roots, which, as they grow, begin to branch and become covered with root hairs. Garlic roots are located on the bottom in circles. Most of the roots are in the arable layer.
When planting garlic of winter varieties in September-October, 3-8 roots are formed, which deepen into the soil by 3-5 cm.The roots do not die off in winter, and when the temperature drops, before the soil freezes, they shrink by 2-3 cm and tighten the stem (bottom) into the soil. This feature is a protective function against freezing. As soon as the soil thaws, the root system continues to grow.
Stem... The bottom of the bulb with a diameter of 2-3 cm and a height of 0.8-1.3 cm is a modified, shortened stem. The bottom is flat with a slight bulge at the top. On the stem, in the axils of the leaves, buds form, and teeth grow from the buds. Roots grow from the bottom side of the bottom. In shooting varieties, an arrow grows from the bottom - an extension of the stem. When the bulb ripens, the stem stiffens.
Arrow woody, thin, twists in some varieties, with a height of 40 to 180 and more. The arrow ends with a kule, spear-shaped inflorescence. When forming air bulbs, it straightens.
Leaves consist of a tubular base and a sheet part of a linear shape. Tubular leaves form a false stem. The color of the leaves varies from light green to dark green, in some varieties with a waxy bloom. Depending on the variety, the width of the leaves is 0.8-2 cm, the length is 15-30 cm. The number of leaves on the plant is 6-12, the mass of the bulb and the number of cloves depend on their number.
Inflorescence - an umbrella, 3-12 cm long, closed with a cap with a proboscis. The inflorescence consists of underdeveloped flowers and aerial bulbs, in the amount of 2 to 500 pieces. The caps (integumentary scales) are strawy, reddish, red or dark purple in color. The flowers are lilac with white or pinkish-white corollas.
Bulb... The bulbs are covered with scales of a white, whitish-ash color with pink or purple hues. In bulbs left in the ground after the onset of biological ripeness, the integumentary scales crack and the teeth are exposed.
The number of cloves in a bulb depends on the characteristics of the variety and varies from 2 to 30 or more. In arrowhead varieties, as a rule, the teeth are located in one circle and are covered with common covering scales. In non-shooting varieties, the teeth are located in several false circles and, in addition to common scales, they also have group scales that wrap 2-5 teeth. The teeth in the outer circle are larger than in the inner one.
In winter varieties, the bulbs are not dense, which significantly reduces their keeping quality. Spring garlic forms dense bulbs that are well stored until the next harvest.
Types of garlic
Before you start growing garlic, you should know what types exist. Today this culture is represented by the following species:
- winter... This variety has excellent cold resistance and arrow-forming properties. Planting of planting material is carried out in the fall. As a result, the plant hibernates in the ground, and in the next season a large and full-fledged head will sprout. It contains a few aligned teeth. There is also a central trunk in the head, which is not typical for the spring species. Harvest is more suitable for fresh consumption
- spring... This variety does not form an arrow. Planting of planting material is carried out in the spring. This garlic can be stored for a long period of time. The harvest of this variety is not so abundant.
Use in traditional medicine
The famous medicinal plant, wild garlic, has been used for a long time to combat severe ailments. Some recipes are still used today, albeit in a modified form. Let's consider some of them.
When a runny nose occurs, take 50 g of wild garlic onion. Wrap it in a piece of gauze. After that, the gag is placed in the nose. The secreted sap of the plant has an antimicrobial effect, which contributes to the rapid recovery of the patient.
People suffering from hypertension have appreciated the beneficial properties of wild garlic. Recipes for tinctures from several components have become a lifeline for them in the fight against an invisible enemy.
Read also: How to transplant and propagate homemade asparagus
Seedless lemon zest is chopped in a blender or meat grinder. Chopped wild garlic and grated horseradish are added to it. Mix the ingredients well. The mixture is poured with clean boiled water and insisted for 30 days. Take the drug before meals 3 times a day.
Knowing how the tincture works and what causes wild garlic helps to approach treatment with prudence.
Fresh leaves of wild garlic and blossoming inflorescences are passed through a meat grinder. The gruel is poured with water (1: 5), placed in a dark, cool place. Insist 21 days, shaking regularly. At the end of the term, the liquid is filtered through two layers of gauze. Take as medicine, 20 drops with plenty of water. The course of treatment usually lasts about 4 months.
Understanding what heals wild garlic and how it affects the body encourages people not to be afraid to use different approaches in its application. To get rid of warts, use bear onion juice. A gruel from fresh foliage is placed in a small gauze bag, the juice is squeezed out, and then applied to the affected area. And against baldness, they prepare a slurry of grated onions, which is regularly rubbed into the scalp. In any case, in order to test the effectiveness of a drug, it must be tested on oneself. At the same time, it is taken into account that each person has his own characteristics.
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Frankly, for many, the memories of gardening and gardening everyday life are associated with planting and digging up potatoes, eternal weeding, calluses on the hands and an ache in the lower back. Such memories are not very tempting to visit the vegetable garden in the country. We hasten to assure you that in this form, gardening and horticulture, and dacha farming, we ourselves are not to our liking! We know how to turn routine work into pleasure, how to make gardening for beginners an unforgettable life experience, and the garden in the country is a place not only for work, but also for rest!
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