Popular apple variety Gala and its varieties
The Gala apple tree and its clones can be seen in industrial gardens in many countries of the world, located in zones with temperate and warm climates. And its spectacular and sweet fruits can be found in almost any supermarket. Where and how you can grow this apple tree - we will help you figure it out.
Description of the variety
An autumn variety of apple trees of the New Zealand selection, obtained in 1962. Since the mid-1970s, it has been tested in Ukraine, and since 1993 it has been zoned in the steppe zone. In 2014, it was entered into the State Register of Russia and zoned for the North Caucasus region. The industrial cultivation of Gala apples in Russia is concentrated in the Crimea and the Kuban. In backyard and country gardens, it is rarely found in the southern regions of the Central strip.
The tree is medium-sized with a broadly oval medium thickened crown. Departure of skeletal branches from the trunk at an angle of 45-75 °, fruiting on annelids, fruit twigs and ends of annual shoots.
Gala bears fruit on ringlets, fruit twigs and ends of annual shoots
Winter hardiness in your region is average. The variety has a high immunity to powdery mildew, medium - to scab and zero - to European crayfish.
It blooms in mid-late terms (late May - early June), has a good pollen viability - 73-89%.
The viability of pollen is its ability to germinate on the stigma of the pistil under favorable conditions. The higher this indicator, the more self-fertile the plant is.
The pollinators for the variety in the growing region are apple varieties:
- James Grieve;
- Red Delicious.
On vigorous rootstocks, it begins to bear fruit 6-7 years after planting. The Gala apple tree on a dwarf rootstock will yield its first harvest in 3-4 years. While the apple trees are young (up to 10 years old), they bear fruit annually and in moderation. An adult tree can bear up to 55-80 kilograms of fruit. When overloaded, the fruits become smaller and the frequency of fruiting is observed.
Fruits are one-dimensional, round or round-conical with a slight ribbing at the top. Average weight 130 grams, maximum - 145 grams. They have the main color of a dense and thin skin of yellow or greenish-yellow color with a striped, blurred, orange-red blush almost on the entire surface of the apple. The pulp is crispy, juicy, dense, has a light yellow color. The taste is excellent, sour-sweet. Tasting score - 4.6 points.
Apples of the Gala variety have the main color of dense and thin skin of yellow or greenish-yellow color with a striped, blurred, orange-red blush almost on the entire surface of the apple.
Apples reach harvesting maturity in mid-September, and they are ready for consumption in November. Shelf life in a cool room up to 60-80 days. Store at 0-5 ° C for 5-6 months. Purpose - for fresh consumption and production of juices. Transportability is average.
Advantages of the variety:
- Excellent dessert taste of apples.
- Versatility of use.
- High productivity.
- Early maturity.
- Powdery mildew immunity.
Disadvantages of the variety:
- Insufficient winter hardiness and limited growing region.
- Low immunity to scab.
- Lack of immunity to European apple cancer.
- Shrinking of fruits when overloaded with crops.
Popular varieties and types of Gala apple trees
The Gala apple tree has about twenty species and clones, but the sources do not provide detailed descriptions and characteristics of each of them. Let's take a look at some of the more common ones.
Recognized as the best of the clones. Has larger fruits (160-220 grams) of intense ruby red color. And also its increased resistance to powdery mildew is noted.
The Gala Mast apple tree has larger fruits (160-220 grams) of a rich ruby-red color
Video: an overview of the Gala Mast apple tree
This species is distinguished by a more spectacular red-crimson color, a conical shape of apples and a slightly larger weight (150 grams). Distributed in the USA and Europe.
Gala Royal apples are distinguished by a more spectacular red-raspberry color
An Italian clone of the Gala Royal variety. Ripens in late August - early September. Refrigerated storage for 4-5 months. Relatively hardy. Strongly susceptible to scab, bark and wood diseases. Powdery mildew is weakly affected. The crown is well branched. The fruits are very beautiful, excellent presentation. The color is yellow with a pink barrel and a dark red striped blush on most of the apple surface. The taste is very sweet.
Gala Shniga - Italian clone of the Gala Royal apple tree
Planting a Gala apple tree
- Choosing a landing site. Required characteristics of a plot for growing Gala apple trees:
- A small slope in the south or southeast direction.
- Protection from cold winds from the north or northeast in the form of dense trees or walls of buildings.
- Good lighting and ventilation.
- Soil requirements:
- pH 6.5-7.0.
- Loose loam, sandy loam or black soil.
- Good drainability.
- The distance from buildings and neighboring trees is at least three meters.
- Timing of boarding. There are three options:
- Early spring. Before the onset of sap flow when the soil warms up to + 5-10 ° C.
- Fall. After the end of sap flow, but not less than a month before the onset of frost.
- If seedlings with a closed root system are purchased, then the planting time does not matter. It is possible to do this from April to October.
- Purchase of seedlings. This is best done in the fall, and in the case of spring planting, the seedlings are stored in the basement or buried in the ground.
The seedling is buried in an almost horizontal position
- Preparation of the landing pit. It is prepared no later than 20-30 days before planting. If planting is planned in the spring, then the pit is prepared in the fall. The order is as follows:
- You need to dig a hole 50-70 centimeters deep and 80-90 centimeters in diameter.
- If the soil is insufficiently drained, then a layer of rubble or other similar material 10-15 centimeters thick should be laid on the bottom of the pit.
- Fill the hole with a mixture of black soil, peat, humus and coarse river sand in equal proportions. Add 300-500 grams of superphosphate and 3-4 liters of wood ash to this mixture.
The planting pit is filled with nutrient mixture to the top.
- A few hours before planting, the roots of the seedling should be soaked in water.
- In the planting pit, a hole of sufficient volume is made and a small mound is poured in the center of it.
- A wooden or metal peg is driven in at a short distance from the center. Its height above the soil level should be 90-130 centimeters.
- Remove the seedling from the water and sprinkle the roots with Kornevin (Heteroauxin) powder.
- The seedling is lowered into the hole, placing the root collar on the top of the mound and spreading the roots along the slopes.
- They fill the hole with earth, carefully tamping it. During this procedure, you need to ensure that the root collar ends up at the soil level. For this, it is convenient to use a wooden lath or block.
To control the location of the root collar during planting, it is convenient to use a wooden lath or bar
- After that, as usual, a near-trunk circle is formed along the diameter of the pit and watered with a large amount of water in several steps. It is necessary that the soil is well saturated and the air sinuses in the root zone disappear.
- The trunk of the plant is tied to a peg with a fabric tape so that it is not squeezed.
- The central conductor is cut at a height of 80-100 centimeters from the ground, the branches are shortened by 30-50%.
- After a while, the soil is loosened and mulched with a layer of 10-15 centimeters. To do this, you can use hay, straw, humus, compost, rotted sawdust, etc.
After watering, the soil is loosened and mulched with a layer of 10-15 centimeters
Features of growing and subtleties of care
The rules for growing the Gala apple tree and caring for it do not have significant differences and features in comparison with other varieties. Let's briefly show the main points.
Watering and feeding
There is no information in the sources about the drought resistance of the variety. Therefore, we will assume that the watering requirements for this apple tree are average. As usual, the tree requires more frequent watering in the first years of life, while the root system is still underdeveloped. At this time, the tree needs eight to ten waterings per season. With age, as a rule, the need for them decreases and, depending on weather conditions, they will need 4-6 during the growing season. It is most important to moisturize the soil in the spring and first half of summer. Watering is usually stopped 2-3 weeks before harvesting. In the fall, pre-winter moisture-charging irrigation will be required. Mulching the soil in the tree circles will help maintain proper moisture and prevent weed growth.
Regular fertilization promotes stable fruiting and high quality fruit. They start feeding the apple tree 3-4 years after planting, when the supply of nutrients in the planting pit begins to dry up.
Table: Gala apple dressing schedule
Cropping and rationing of the crop
Like every tree, the Gala apple tree needs to be given a certain crown shape in the first years of life. For this variety, a bowl-shaped formation is recommended, which provides good ventilation of the entire crown volume, its illumination by the sun's rays, ease of harvesting and maintenance.
For the Gala apple tree, a bowl-shaped crown is recommended
To ensure stable yields, it is necessary to thin out the crown annually by removing excess shoots that thicken it. If this is not done, the fruits will shrink. And also, as usual, sanitary pruning should be carried out every fall, during which dry, diseased and damaged branches are removed.
The tendency of the variety to overload the crop requires its rationing by removing some of the flowers and ovaries. And also this can be done by additional thinning of the fruit twigs.
Harvesting and storage
A few simple rules will allow the gardener to preserve the harvest of sweet juicy Gala apples for a long time without losing taste.
- You need to know that if the apples are wet during harvesting or storage, they will not be saved. Therefore, they are collected exclusively in dry weather.
- It is better to sort them right away, rejecting damaged and substandard fruits. They can be recycled immediately for juicing.
- Quality fruits are placed in cardboard or wooden ventilated boxes. Apples in one layer will last longer. Fruits that are supposed to be consumed earlier can be folded in 3-4 layers.
- Cellars with air temperatures from 0 to +5 ° C or cold rooms are suitable for storage. Do not store apples in the same room as root vegetables and cabbage.
- When storing, spacers with a thickness of 4-5 centimeters should be installed between the boxes to ensure ventilation.
Diseases and pests of the apple tree
Such troubles will less often annoy the gardener if he regularly takes preventive measures.
Table: measures for the prevention of diseases and pests of the apple tree
A well-known and widespread fungal disease of fruit crops. Spores of the pathogen overwinter in fallen leaves and fruits. In spring, when the growth of young shoots begins, spores with the wind fall on the crown and, thanks to the existing mucous layer, adhere to the lower surface of the leaves. If the humidity is sufficient, and the air temperature is in the range of 18-20 ° C, then the spores germinate in the outer layer of young shoots and leaves. This can be easily seen by the formation of light olive stains on them. Over time, the spots grow, turn brown, crack. In summer, the disease spreads to the fruits, which are covered with coarse dark brown spots, cracks. Treatment consists of removing the affected parts of the plant and treating with fungicides. The fastest effect in emergency cases is provided by the drug Strobi, which quickly blocks the course and spread of the disease.
Fruits affected by scab are covered with hardened dark brown spots, cracks
European (common) apple crayfish
Often found in the southern regions and the Crimea, a disease of bark and wood caused by the marsupial fungus Nectria galligena Bres. She came to us from Europe, which gave rise to its name. The pathogen enters the plant through unhealed wounds, cracks, and frost holes. While developing, it causes the appearance of deep open wounds on the trunks. Large nodules of the so-called callus are formed along the edges. On thinner branches, the nodules close, leaving a small gap - in this case, the disease proceeds in a closed form. In winter, the callus is destroyed by frost, due to which the wounds do not heal and expand, affecting more and more vast spaces. Treatment is reduced to cleaning wounds to healthy wood, disinfection with a 2% solution of copper sulfate and applying a protective layer of garden varnish.
Cancer causes deep open wounds to appear on the trunks
Apple tree pests Gala
There is no information in the sources about the susceptibility of the variety to pests, so we will assume that in some cases they can attack. We will briefly give information about the main representatives.
- Apple moth. This is a nondescript light brown moth. Lays eggs on the upper tiers of the crown. Caterpillars, crawling out of eggs, penetrate the ovaries and unripe fruits, where they feed on seeds. One caterpillar is capable of destroying up to four fruits. The fight is effective at the stage of flight of butterflies by performing preventive spraying.
The apple moth is a nondescript light brown moth
- Gall aphid. A small insect that settles on the underside of leaves and feeds on their sap. As a result, the leaves curl, red bumps appear on the outside. Ants bring aphids onto the crown in order to subsequently feed on its sweetish secretions (honeydew). The fight is reduced to the mechanical collection of affected leaves and shoots, followed by treatment with insecticides (Iskra, fufanon, Decis).
Gall aphid is a small insect that settles on the underside of leaves and feeds on their sap
- Apple blossom beetle. Small - up to three millimeters in size - weevil beetle, wintering in the upper layers of the soil. In the spring, when the soil begins to warm up, it rises to the surface and crawls onto the crown. There, the females gnaw through the buds and lay one egg in them. The larvae crawl out of the eggs and eat the flower (bud) from the inside. Thus, you can lose the entire crop if you do not take preventive and control measures.
Apple blossom beetle hibernates in the upper layers of the soil
The Gala apple tree has become widespread in industrial cultivation due to the relatively labor-intensive agricultural technology and the commercial quality of the fruits. For amateur gardeners, Russia is not yet very much in demand due to the limited cultivation area only in the southern regions.
Hello! My name is Pyotr Vladimirovich. I am 63 years old. By education - a mechanical engineer.
Rate the article:
(0 votes, average: 0 out of 5)
Share with your friends!
Apple tree "Gala": variety description, photos and reviews
Apple-tree "Gala" - one of the most popular autumn varieties of foreign selection. Due to a number of advantages, it is in great demand in industrial horticulture in Europe, the countries of South and North America. The variety is also successfully grown by domestic farmers and summer residents in regions with a temperate and warm climate.
Gala (pictured) ranks second in the top five varieties-leaders in commercial apple production in the world
The characteristic features of the variety are given in the table:
|Culture||Apple tree (Malus domestica Borkh.)|
|Tree height||About 3.5 meters|
|Ripening period||Autumn (late September - early October)|
|Consumption / storage period||Late autumn (November - February)|
|Fruit weight||Average 130 g|
|Yield||High - up to 80 kg per adult tree per season regular|
|Shape and color||Apples are one-dimensional: medium-sized, round or round-conical. The skin is dry, thin, but firm. The color of the skin is uneven: yellow or greenish-yellow with a striped blurred blush of an orange-red hue, almost on the entire surface|
|Fruit pulp||Light yellow, dense, juicy|
|Tasting assessment (taste)||4.6 points (out of 5) - sweet and sour taste|
|Sustainability||Average winter hardiness. High immunity to powdery mildew Medium scab resistance is heavily affected by European crayfish|
|Year of inclusion in the register of Ukraine||1993|
|Recommended growing regions||Forest-steppe and steppe zones|
|Year of inclusion in the State Register of the Russian Federation||2014|
|Regions of admission||North Caucasian (6)|
|Originators||Institute of Horticulture of the Ukrainian Agrarian Academy of Sciences (Kiev), Institute of Irrigated Horticulture (Melitopol, Ukraine), JSC "Crimean Fruit Company" (Republic of Crimea)|
Apple tree gala variety description
The Gala apple tree is very much appreciated among Russian gardeners. Its early maturity, yield and winter hardiness distinguish it from many other species. There are also many subspecies based on the Gala variety.
Gala apple trees are low, medium-sized with a wide oval crown. The branches are not very dense and have a large angle of inclination from the trunk (up to 80 degrees). Both annual shoots and old branches are capable of bearing fruit. Gala apple blossoms start quite late (late spring).
Refers to partially self-pollinated. To achieve maximum fruiting, it is best to plant several other apple trees side by side, such as Elstar and James Grieve.
Gala apples are of medium or large size, their weight can reach up to 150 g. The shape is round, sometimes slightly elongated towards the bottom. Ripe yellow fruits can have a large, bright blush. The skin is thin, soft and easy to chew.
Gala apple pulp is dense, yellow in color, very juicy, has a unique caramel flavor. The tasting score is 4.5 points out of 5 possible. Fruits are versatile in use and are suitable for cooking and preservation as well as for eating raw. Gala is one of the main varieties from which baby food is made.
This variety of apple trees belongs to late autumn. Ripening begins at the end of September and lasts until November. Apples can be stored well for up to 2-3 months without losing their qualities. Their transportability is average.
The Gala apple tree begins to bear fruit 6-7 years after planting. If you give preference to dwarf seedlings, then this period will be reduced to 3-4 years. The yield is good and can reach up to 90 kg per tree. Fruiting is regular and annual, but with the age of the tree, the size of apples tends to decrease. To avoid this, it is necessary to regulate the number of flowers: a decrease in the volume of the crop will lead to an increase in its quality.
Gala is a variety of average winter hardiness, it tolerates cold weather well with short frosts down to minus 30 degrees. Celsius. Apple trees are resistant to diseases such as powdery mildew and scab.
Popular Gala varieties and Gala apple species
Since the breeding of the Gala variety, several more varieties have appeared. The breeders made it their task to breed large and very red apples, and they were quite successful in their work. The new hybrids produce larger, even brighter fruits with dense skin. The most famous are Royal, Mast, Shniga. Slightly less popular, but no less tasty, are Big Red, El Niño, Jazz, Defolga and Gala Outrageously Red. They all differ in tastes, but the trademark juiciness and sweetness are always preserved in them.
Gala Mast is the most popular mutant of the classic Gala variety. Apples reach a weight of 180 g, they are round and large. Mast is distinguished by dense pulp of a light yellow hue, the taste is very juicy, the apples crunch pleasantly. Another plus of apples is that it acts as an excellent pollinator for other varieties, but it will take a long time to wait for the apples. The first crop is harvested only at the beginning of October. But you can eat Galu Mast all winter - they lie perfectly until spring, without losing their elasticity and juiciness.
Royal Gala apples differ from their progenitor only in color and shape. They are ruddy, bright red, shaped like a cone. Their taste is sweet and sour, they are fresh, crispy and weigh about 160 g. The hybrid was developed for commercial purposes - the shape and color significantly increased the attractiveness of the fruit in the eyes of consumers, they began to be more readily bought up. Basically, Royal Gala is grown in European countries, although now China is becoming the leading supplier, where dozens of tons of these delicious apples are grown and harvested.
Gala Shniga is another famous Gala hybrid. It is distinguished by a high yield, it brings apples for about 5-6 years. The fruit is slightly golden with a pink blush, the flesh is firm and sweet. The only complaint about this variety is the relatively small size of the fruit. They rarely weigh more than 150 g, and the diameter is slightly larger than 8 cm. But Shniga tolerates the climate of central Russia. Many people try and successfully grow apple trees on their plots, even in the Moscow region and in the Central strip.
The Jeromini apple variety is a real gift. It will delight you with an aesthetic appearance and great taste, surprise those around you with the originality of the fruits.
She has more advantages than disadvantages. But even these small disadvantages gardeners forgive him for the wonderful fruits.
In addition, good care and attention to the apple tree helps to compensate for all weaknesses.
Jeromini belongs to the late autumn varieties, so the end of September - early October is the time to harvest.
The variety is self-fertile, therefore, apple trees of other varieties are planted in one area, which should act as pollinators. The best apple pollinators for Jeromini are:
The Jeromini variety does not grow tall, the tree reaches 2.5 to 3 meters in height from the base of the trunk to the tip of the top. The crown, consisting of classic "apple" leaves, has a compact spherical shape, which saves precious space in the summer cottage.
Medium-sized shoots are covered with gray-brown bark, smooth to the touch.
Excitability of the kidneys and the formation of new shoots are average. At the same time, the tree has strong shoots, painted in a carmine-red hue. The leaf blade is rounded, with a smooth surface, rich green color.
Surprising for many gardeners who do not know about the peculiarities of the variety, the fruits are characterized by a standard and regular, elongated, elongated-rounded shape, which is classic for most apple trees. They are absolutely symmetrical. Apples are of medium size, in weight they reach an average of 170 grams, and the maximum weight is at the level of 190 grams.
Surprises and amazes the appearance and pulp of graceful fruits. The apples are covered with a dense and durable skin, colored in various variations of red: rich burgundy, scarlet or purple shades. The surface of the smooth skin, covered with a small layer of wax coating, shines and shimmers in the sun, casting a bright gloss. A delicate pulp is hidden under the peel, saturated with a large amount of juice. When consumed, it emits a characteristic crunchy sound. The color of the core is unique: the pulp can be colored in any shades of red and pink with varying degrees of saturation.
Jeromini fruits are liquid, juicy and exude an amazing apple flavor. The taste of apples is pleasant, sweet and memorable, with a slight sourness. The variety is a dessert, it is consumed fresh, and is also used for making homemade preparations (jams, preserves, juices and compotes). Apples look especially harmonious in baked goods.
Productivity, frequency, keeping quality of fruits
The variety belongs to the early-growing, since the 1st crop can be harvested from trees 2-3 years old. The variety is high-yielding; with proper care, about 12 kg of fruits are harvested from 1 plant. The apple tree belongs to the autumn varieties, therefore, the full ripening of the fruits occurs in the 2nd half or at the end of September. This usually happens a week before the full ripening of the Red Delicious apples, on the basis of which Jeromini is derived. Fruiting can continue until mid-autumn.
Apples are harvested when fully ripe. The fruits have excellent keeping quality, so they can be stored all winter and even more. The average term is from 3 to 7 months. The safety of apples depends on the temperature regime of the room in which they lie.
The tasting score is high 4.5-4.8 points.
The resistance of the variety to diseases and pests is at a high level, which is the most important advantage of "Jeromini" and is highly valued by gardeners. However, as a preventive measure, gardeners still carry out sanitization of plants with special means.
The frost resistance of the variety is above average, the variety perfectly withstands severe frosts.
According to available data, the apple tree feels great in a situation when the thermometer strip drops to 30 degrees below zero. In regions where temperatures are higher in winter, the apple tree must be insulated by mulching the trunk circle and wrapping up the tree trunks. Drought tolerance is relative.
For this business, both spring and autumn are like. Experts recommend mid-April for planting, as the most successful time for these purposes. But you can plant it in May as well. It all depends on the weather and soil conditions. You can plant a seedling in the fall, usually in October, when the foliage will fall. But if you do this a little later, the seedling adapts to frost.
If you plant in a garden or a garden plot, you must leave a distance of at least 2 meters between the apple trees.
You need to find a place for the seedling: the apple tree loves lighted areas. It is necessary to plant in fertile soil. It is better if it is loamy or sandy loamy soils.
Formed two-year-olds make it possible to get a harvest earlier. If the time interval between purchase and planting is significant, it is necessary that the roots do not dry out. To do this, you can wrap it with a damp cloth and place it in a plastic bag, or dig it in or place it in wet sawdust.
It is necessary to prepare the landing pit in advance. For spring plantings, you need to dig it in the fall or 15-20 days before planting. Mineral fertilizers, compost, ash must be placed in the pit and mixed. The size of the pit should correspond to the root system of the seedling, so that the roots of the seedling are placed freely and without bends, its dimensions can be at least 80 cm deep and 90-100 cm in diameter.
It is important that you can always create good conditions for a young seedling on various soils: add sand to the pit if the soil is clayey. Or clay, if it is sandy.
The planting process looks like this:
1. Make a mound in the hole and place a seedling on it. IMPORTANT! Be sure to follow the placement of the root collar. It should be 5-6 cm above ground level. Consider that the earth will shrink
2.Gently spread the roots.
3. Install the sapling garter peg.
5. Cover with fertile soil.
8. Fill up the soil after the earth has shrunk.
9.Mulch with peat, grass, hay.
To grow a good harvest of quality apples, you need to take care and attention to the apple tree. To do this, you need to water regularly and in sufficient quantities: watering from a mug is not suitable. The number of waterings depends on weather conditions: 3-5 times per season. Drip irrigation eliminates the need to count their number.
In addition to high-quality watering, timely feeding is necessary: they can be both root and foliage.
Pruning and shaping the crown also play an important role in apple tree care. Pruning trees should be done regularly in the spring. Formative pruning will help you get the most suitable look for your apple tree. But natural forms are also possible: bushy, bowl-shaped. And artificial - they are increasingly used by gardeners: trellises and palmettes, cordons.
Timely removal of damaged and diseased branches with sanitary pruning and cutting of branches growing inside the crown will contribute to the yield of the tree.
The main advantages of the Jeromini variety include:
- medium-sized, bright pink to deep red color
- juicy tasty pulp with a slight sourness of an unusual color (purple core, white center, pink around the edges)
- high yield
- excellent transportability of the crop
- The apple trees are undersized, with a compact crown, ideal for small areas.
The Jeromini apple tree is an original novelty of French breeders. The lucky ones who managed to get her seedlings will be able to enjoy amazingly beautiful and tasty fruits in a few years. She will become a real decoration of the garden and a favorite of all gardeners, but her main surprise lies under the peel of glossy apples.
Characteristics of the variety
The Jeromini apple tree does not grow higher than 3 m, but most often reaches 2-2.5 m. This is a compact tree with a spherical crown, which is quite appropriate for large and small summer cottages.
The frost resistance of the variety is above average, withstands up to -30 ° C, but in a more severe climate it needs insulation for the winter.
Resistance to pests and diseases is high.
The description of the fruits of this apple tree sounds like a miracle: they are purple-red, glossy and have an ideal shape - slightly elongated, rounded, almost the same size. The thin, strong skin of the apple is covered with a waxy coating.
The pulp has an amazing red-pink color, whitening towards the core. It is very juicy, crunchy, with a pronounced aroma.
The taste of the fruit is sweet, slightly sour.
The apple tree loves well-lit areas and fertile soils. One of the pollinators should grow nearby (Fuji, Golden Delicious, Gala).
The groundwater at the selected location should not occur higher than at a depth of 2m.
You can plant a tree in spring or autumn.
When choosing a place for planting, take into account the required distance from neighboring trees - 3-4 m.
It is better to prepare the hole in advance, dig it to a depth of 70-80 cm, and then mix the soil with compost and put it on the bottom.
The seedling is placed in a hole, the root system is straightened and covered with earth. Then poured abundantly with water (2-3 buckets) and mulch.
A young apple tree needs abundant watering 2-3 times a month, and if the weather is dry - once a week.
In the spring the tree is fed with mineral fertilizers, in the summer - with mineral and organic fertilizers, in the fall - with potash. Annual pruning consists of shaping the crown (in the form of a ball) and freeing the apple tree from dry branches.
To prevent diseases, the tree is regularly mulched, weeding weeds, and sprayed with special pest control agents.
Fruits are kept fresh for a long time
The first miracle apples can be tasted already in the third year, and sometimes even in the second. Young trees at the age of 4-5 years yield about 10-15 kg, but after a few years, with good care, the yield rises to 50-80 kg.
Apples ripen in the second half of September, reaching a size of 150-200 g. Fruiting continues until mid-October.
The fruits have excellent keeping quality - up to 7 months at a temperature of 0-1 ° C.
Most of the reviews for Jeromini are positive. Gardeners who grow apples for themselves are satisfied with the excellent taste and long shelf life.The fruits are good both fresh and as part of jams, compote, preserves.
The tree does not freeze in winter in temperate climates, but gardeners still prefer to insulate it. Until the first fruiting, it is almost not sheared, but with age, more and more attention is paid to the formation of the crown.
Due to the compact size of the apple tree, it is convenient to care for and harvest it. Fruit-laden branches are sometimes tied to pegs to prevent them from breaking.
Beauty, originality, aroma and taste of apples
Good keeping quality of fruits
Compact tree size
Cold and pest resistance.
The variety needs pollinators
In conditions of harsh winters, insulation is needed
Saplings are hard to come by and not cheap
Some branches in the midst of fruiting need to be tied up so that they do not break off.
The Jeromini apple variety is a real gift. It will delight you with an aesthetic appearance and great taste, surprise those around you with the originality of the fruits.
She has more advantages than disadvantages. But even these small disadvantages gardeners forgive him for the wonderful fruits.
Jeromini apple tree
Origin: original and tasty French variety. Derived from the Erovan variety, which belongs to the Red Delicious group.
Ripening period: end of September.
Fruit characteristics: dessert variety, one of the most beautiful apples in the world.
The apples are very attractive, almost impeccable in shape: slightly elongated, rounded, almost the same size, weighing 170-200 gr. The thin, but strong skin of apples has an intense purple-red color, glossy, covered with a small layer of waxy bloom.
The pulp has an unusual pink-red color.
Jeromini apples taste very pleasant, sweet and memorable, with a slight varietal sourness. The tasting score of the fruit is 4.9 points.
The fruits are juicy, with a pleasant and strong varietal aroma, the flesh is “split off”, crispy.
Growth characteristics of the variety: Jeromini trees are quite compact in size - up to 2.5 m high, with a neat and not very wide crown - it is very convenient to care for them and harvest them. Jeromini belongs to the early-growing and high-yielding varieties, the 1st harvest can be harvested from trees 2-3 years old.
The variety is suitable for compact plantings and adapted to climatic conditions throughout Ukraine.
Pollinators: Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith, Golden Delicious.
Disease resistance: very high resistance to pests and diseases.
Frost resistance: winter hardiness (up to -350) and drought resistance above average.
Advantages of the variety: the yield is very high. It has very attractive fruits (fruits are characterized by a standard and regular, elongated, elongated-rounded shape). It belongs to dessert varieties, therefore it can be used both in cooking and in industry. Good keeping quality of fruits - can be stored from 3 to 7 months, depending on temperature storage conditions.
Commercial name: Jeromini
A seedling with a closed root system. a source