A detailed description of the cucumber variety Finger (Boy with a finger f1)
A variety of cucumber culture called Finger is a relatively innovative variety, which immediately after its appearance confidently took a leading position in the market. We owe the emergence of this variety of cucumber to the Volgograd breeders and directly to the author Shefatov V.A.
Description of cucumber variety Finger (Boy with Finger f1)
This culture ripens early... Ripe crunchy fruits are ready in 40-45 days after the seeds have sprouting.
Ripe vegetables have excellent taste characteristics. Their purpose is varied.... Juicy and fragrant crispy fruits can be enjoyed fresh after a long winter, or they can be successfully used for winter preparations.
The fruits are neat and identical in size, they look very nice in salted or pickled jars.
The marketable type of vegetables is excellent, transportability is also good, which allows them to be grown not only on personal plots for personal use, but also on an industrial scale.
Vegetables are stored for a long time and are resistant to yellowing of the fruit.
According to the description, the plant is genetically resistant to many diseases, including such common as downy mildew.
The culture is drought-tolerant and cold-tolerant, does not react to temperature changes, tolerates both autumn cold snaps and summer heat.
Cylinder-shaped fruits, small in size, the length of vegetables does not exceed 12 cm, and the weight is not more than 120 grams... The tuberosity is rare, but large. The pulp is dense and juicy with a pronounced aroma.
The foliage of the bushes is average. Heart-shaped leaves of bright green color.
The yield of the Boy S Finger variety is impressive... Observing all the rules and recommendations for leaving one square meter, it is possible to collect at least 7 kg of fragrant and juicy crunchy cucumbers.
Advantages and disadvantages of cucumbers
Cucumber variety Finger has many advantages:
- Decent productivity.
- Excellent taste characteristics of the fruit.
- Genetically determined lack of bitterness in vegetables and soft peel of vegetables.
- Long harvesting periods (up to 60 days).
- Early ripening.
- Long storage period for mature vegetables.
- Good transportability.
- Presentable appearance of vegetables.
- Can be used raw or processed.
- High resistance to various diseases and pests, including the most common - downy mildew.
- Easy to grow and care for.
- Good resistance to cold and drought.
- The possibility of growing culture in different regions.
- The possibility of growing both in open soil and in greenhouses.
There are no drawbacks to this varietal variety.
Planting cucumbers Finger does not require special skills and wisdom, and even beginner vegetable growers can do it.
For this it is only necessary adhere to simple rules and recommendations:
- There are two ways to plant seeds: seed and seedling.
- Plants are planted in open ground at the end of May, or at the beginning of June.
- The seeds must be prepared in advance.
- The soil must have good breathability.
- Fertilization is required.
- The seeds are deepened into the soil by no more than 2-3 cm.
- The seedlings should be 25 cm high and have 4-5 true leaves.
Now let's dwell in more detail on the rules for landing in open ground. The soil must be prepared in the fall..
To do this, the site is removed from weeds and humus is introduced, or any organic fertilizer, and only then dug up. In the spring, you can also replenish the soil with organic fertilizer.
Immediately before planting seeds, the soil must be thoroughly loosened.
There are also certain requirements for seed.: the seeds must be prepared.
You can buy ready-made glazed seeds, they are much more expensive, but such seeds have already been disinfected and impregnated with growth activators.
You can prepare the seed yourself... For this, the seeds are first kept in a solution of potassium permanganate, then they are germinated in a warm, humid environment (in gauze or cotton bags).
After these procedures, the germinated seeds need to be hardened by taking them out into the cold. After such procedures, you can safely proceed to planting the material in open soil.
It is necessary to plant seeds in open soil only after the complete end of night frosts. The soil temperature should also warm up by at least 15-18 degrees.
In order for the soil to warm up faster, you can pre-cover the area with agrofibre.
Seeds are planted according to the scheme 50 × 30 cm to a depth of no more than 3 cm and gently crush with fluffy soil.
Any kind of cucumber loves order. Cucumber beds must be weeded regularly, remove weeds, loosen.
Cucumbers are 90% water so they need regular watering. Watering should be carried out in the evening hours with warm, settled water.
Excessive stagnation of water should also not be allowed, this is fraught with rotting of the root system.
The plant grows up to 2.5 meters and needs a mandatory garter... For these purposes, a trellis, mesh or any other support is suitable.
To increase yields, you need to fertilize the crop regularly... Cucumbers will need especially careful care in the first two weeks after germination. During this period, the plant needs feeding with nitrogen-containing agents.
It is strictly prohibited fertilize the culture with chlorine-containing preparations.
During the flowering period, you need to fertilize the culture with phosphorus fertilizers. And when the period of active growing season begins, the plants need nitrogen-potassium fertilizers.
Diseases and pests
This type of cucumber is very resistant to various diseases and is not very susceptible to damage by insects.
But here calcareous fungal infections of the plant are quite possible... To avoid such a nuisance, you should not moisten the soil too much.
For the prevention of various diseases, plants are also recommended to be regularly sprayed with infusion of potato tops, or infusion of beet tops.
Ticks and caterpillars avoid such infusions.and your plant will be safe and sound.
Harvesting and storage
The high yield of the variety promotes frequent harvesting. You need to pick ripe fruits at least every other day or two..
Overgrown fruits lose their excellent taste. Store vegetables in a cool place.
Finger cucumbers will provide you and your family with an excellent harvest of excellent quality vegetables, which are suitable both for fresh consumption and for winter harvesting.
To grow great cucumbers, it is only important to follow the above recommendations.
Cucumber Boy with a finger - our green favorite
Nowadays, you will not surprise anyone with new cucumber hybrids with attractive names. More than a thousand of them are registered in the State Register of Breeding Achievements. But gardeners still prefer proven, well-known cucumbers, among which is the Boy with a Thumb. This hybrid, which has many advantages, has served lovers of crispy green vegetables for almost two decades. And it's not just a fabulous name. He's really good.
Cucumber seeds Boy with finger F1 100gr
Zelentsy grow lumpy, small, only 6 - 11 cm long.
After the first shoots, the expected fruiting period is about 39 days. The hybrid is early maturing, located to the bundle formation of ovaries.
This hybrid is a female flowering plant that bears fruit intensively.
The plant is resistant to a complex of cucumber diseases.
The fruits are usually used for pickling or for harvesting for the winter, while the taste is perfectly preserved.
Cucumbers of the "Boy with a Thumb" hybrid can be grown in open areas, as well as in tunnels or greenhouses.
Due to the fact that the fruits are oval and green in color with slightly pronounced short stripes, cucumbers look very attractive, which increases their value in cooking. For example, for pickling, the best varieties of cucumbers of universal use, such as "Boy with a Thumb", are chosen so that they look attractive in the jar, and when served on the table they are more appetizing.
Cucumber Finger - tall variety with hybrid properties
Cucumber Finger is an early ripe variety from Russian breeders, which attracts gardeners with high immunity to various diseases, increased frost resistance and versatility of the use of dark green fruits. It is noteworthy that the variety is distinguished by long-term fruiting, and its yield is about 6.8-7 kg per 1 sq. m.
Description of the variety
The Finger variety was bred in the Volgograd region by the breeder Shefatov V.A. at the experimental station of VNIIR im. N.I. Vavilov. It appeared in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 2001 for cultivation in the Central, Central Black Earth and Lower Volga regions.
The characteristics of this cucumber are presented in the table:
Cucumber Finger is an original variety with hybrid properties, which explains its disease resistance and cold resistance.
When cultivating the Finger variety, you need to take into account the following agrotechnical rules:
- You can grow a cucumber in two ways - seedling or through direct sowing of seeds in open ground. In the first case, seeds for seedlings should be sown in early May, so that 20-25-day-old seedlings can be planted in the ground at the end of the month. With direct sowing of seeds into the ground, work should be carried out only after the soil warms up to + 15 ... + 20 ° C during the day, and up to + 8 ° C at night. In this case, the threat of a cold snap should be completely avoided.
- Windless areas are chosen under the bee-pollinated cucumber so that the gusts of wind do not blow off the pollen attractive to insects. If the bushes grow in a draft, then the bees will visit them much less often, which will negatively affect the yield indicators. The site must be protected from direct sunlight. Recent studies have shown that more intensive growth of zelents occurs in the dark.
- For fingers, choose loose, airy and moderately moist soil. The beds should not be arranged in places where groundwater accumulates, since with such a planting there is a high probability of decay of the root system of the seedlings and the loss of the entire crop. In an excessively humid environment, the risks of developing fungal diseases increase significantly. So, the best option for a vegetable crop is light sandy loam and loam.
- Follow the rules of crop rotation and do not plant the cucumber after other members of the pumpkin family. When growing the same crop in the same area, "soil fatigue" occurs. It may contain pathogens that overwintered together with weeds and plant debris from the previous season. To comply with the rules of crop rotation, it is worth studying the following table:
|tomato, cabbage, spinach, carrots, beets, legumes, eggplant, greens||cucumbers, zucchini, squash, pumpkin, melon, watermelon||cabbage, peas, beans, basil, dill, onion, garlic, beets, celery, fennel, spinach, coriander, sunflower||tomato, carrot, potato, sage, zucchini, rhubarb, turnip, radish, leek, strawberry, berry bushes|
- To prepare a garden for sowing a cucumber in the fall. To do this, it must be cleaned of plant residues and dug up, adding a mixture of 200 g of wood ash, 40 g of superphosphate and 25 g of potassium nitrate. For 1 sq. m of the site will need 1 bucket of such a composition. The soil can be additionally fertilized with manure at the rate of 25 liters per 1 sq. m. To make it more fertile and with high aeration, you can add compost or sawdust to it. In the spring, the earth does not need to be dug up. It is enough to loosen it with a rake and water it abundantly.
The composition of the soil must be treated with special attention, since the formation of lateral roots and the further development of shoots depend on it.
Direct planting in the ground
With seedless cucumber cultivation, planting work can be carried out in mid-May, since by this time the average daily air temperature outside reaches + 15 ° C. Sowing seeds is carried out in pre-prepared soil according to the following instructions:
- Cucumber seeds, which have a slightly convex shape and almost the same size, should be warmed up before planting in the ground, and then soaked in a damp cloth for 2-3 days. After this treatment, they will rise a few days earlier than when planted dry.
- Put the seeds into the prepared holes to a depth of 2-3 cm with the nose up and not vertically, but at an angle of 45 °. Thanks to this arrangement, the sprouts from the hatching spout will be able to quickly get rid of the seed coat and go up without bending in the ground. In this case, the root system will be able to develop parallel to the top layer of the earth and go deep down. The optimal planting pattern is 30x50 cm.
If the seeds are laid out in the holes lying down, then the sprouts will have to bend in order to get to the light faster. If the spouts look down, it will be even more difficult for them to germinate. Having spent all their strength on this, the sprouts will turn out to be weak and sick, which in the future will negatively affect the health and strength of the bush, so the chances of a rich harvest will be significantly reduced.
Planting cucumber through seedlings
The seedling method is often used for year-round cultivation of cucumbers in a greenhouse. In this case, to obtain a rich harvest, it is required to grow strong seedlings. It needs to be prepared 20-25 days before transplanting seedlings to a permanent place, adhering to the following instructions:
- For growing seedlings, prepare a substrate from sod land, low-lying peat, manure and sawdust in a ratio of 4: 4: 1: 1. For 10 liters of this composition, add 6 g of urea, 14 g of superphosphate, 8 g of potassium sulfate and 2 g of magnesium sulfate. In order not to cook the substrate with your own hands, you can purchase it at a garden store.
- Pour the soil mixture into containers, moisten and sow the seeds to a depth of 1-2 cm, but no more, otherwise the germination time will be delayed, since the greens will come out from under the soil only after the lateral roots have formed. As with direct sowing in open ground, spread the seeds with their spout up and at an angle of 45 ° so that the sprout that has hatched easily breaks the seed coat and then can develop without any obstacles.
- Cover containers with crops with polyethylene or 2-3 layers of newspaper and keep in a room with good lighting at an air temperature of about + 25 ° C. The newspaper needs to be sprayed from time to time to keep it wet and allow oxygen to flow to the seeds. Without the right amount of moisture and air, the plant may die. When the first shoots appear, remove the shelter, and gradually lower the air temperature by 5 ° C. During this period, it is no longer necessary to water the seedlings, since there is already enough liquid in it.
With the arrival of stable warm weather and the warming of the soil to + 15 ... + 20 ° C, the seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place of germination.As a rule, the optimal time for planting is at the end of May. By this time, the seedlings should grow up to 25-30 cm and acquire 4-5 true leaves. When transplanting it into the ground, it is worth considering the following recommendations:
- optimal planting pattern - 30x50 cm
- before planting in prepared trenches, you can add a little manure or compost, and then sprinkle the fertilizer with a layer of earth
- deepen the roots of seedlings by 30 mm, but if the height of the bushes exceeds 25 cm, it is better to make the holes deeper - by 40 mm
- after the seedlings are placed in the hole, carefully direct it, sprinkle it with earth and press it with your hands.
After planting in open ground, the plants can be covered with foil. When the night temperature returns to normal, and the threat of frost has completely passed, the secondary shelter can be removed and the cucumbers can be grown on the trellis.
After planting a cucumber Finger in open ground, it is necessary to organize proper care for it, which consists in carrying out a number of agrotechnical measures.
Organization of an optimal microclimate
If a vegetable crop is grown in a greenhouse, it is necessary to maintain the air temperature in it at + 21 ... + 23 ° С, since it is optimal for the growth, development and abundant fruiting of cucumbers. The room must be regularly ventilated for the supply of fresh air.
Watering and loosening
Cucumber culture loves moisture, but it must be watered carefully, since excessive moisture will lead to rotting of the roots and the development of fungal diseases. A lack of moisture should also not be allowed, as this will cause bitterness in ripe cucumbers.
When watering a plant, you should proceed from the following rules:
- Water the bushes every day in the evening or early in the morning, before sunrise. Adjust the watering frequency depending on the weather conditions. So, on dry days, the bushes can be irrigated 2 times a day, and on cloudy days - once every few days.
- Pour at least a bucket of water under each bush. However, the roots cannot be poured, since stagnant moisture around the plant will lead to the development of fungal lesions. To accurately avoid such consequences, if possible, it is worth organizing a drip irrigation system. On hot days, it is advisable to spray the leaves of the plant in order to protect them from premature fall and prolong the fruiting period.
- For irrigation, use only settled warm water. If it is cold, it will cause a temperature shock in the plant, which will lead to a massive discharge of ovaries, so the harvest will be poor.
After watering, the soil between the rows should be loosened from the crusts, which is necessary for the rapid growth of the plant. At the same time, it is worth carrying out weeding from weeds. After such manipulations, it is recommended to mulch the bed with dry grass or straw to prevent excessive evaporation of moisture on hot days.
An overview of the rules and methods for watering cucumbers in the open field and in the greenhouse can be read in this article.
During the entire growing season, the cucumber needs to be fed several times in clear sunny weather. Here is an approximate feeding scheme:
- on the 14th day after germination or after transplanting seedlings into the ground, apply nitrogen-potassium fertilizers under the bush, which will help the plant to build up green mass and get stronger
- at the stage of mass flowering, fertilize the plant with phosphorus
- in case of violation of the thermal regime, foliar feeding the plant with potassium, phosphorus and iron in order to stabilize the shaken balance in its body
- with slow filling of zelents or the development of weak and small fruits, add diluted liquid mullein (1:10) to the soil, and periodically feed the plant with urea or humus.
Cucumbers of the Finger variety are tall, so they should be grown on vertical trellises, along which seedlings will curl. This will make spraying and harvesting easier.
If the vegetable crop is grown in a greenhouse or greenhouse with a high ceiling, with the appearance of 3-4 true leaves, the main whip of the bush must be pinched over the trellis.
Protection against diseases and pests
To protect the plant from fungal diseases, all watering rules must be followed, avoiding excessive waterlogging of the soil. The culture of cucumber diseases and pests will be helped by preventive treatment of bushes with chemical and poisonous drugs.
Good results in the fight against ticks, various beetles, caterpillars and aphids are shown by folk remedies that are harmless to the plant. Among them, the most effective for the bee-pollinated variety Finger are decoctions of potato and tomato tops. Spraying leaves and stems with copper sulfate also helps. If this is not the case, you can use a soapy solution.
To scare off slugs and parasites that settle on the roots of bushes, sprinkle the garden with wood ash or ash flour.
After 42-48 days after germination, you can start picking ripe fruits. They need to be carefully plucked or cut with sharp scissors. After reaching technical ripeness, the cucumbers do not need to be left on the lashes for a long time, as they quickly overripe, which is why they become yellow, watery and tasteless.
It should be borne in mind that this variety has long-term fruiting, so the more greens you collect, the more they will appear.
Pros and cons of the variety
Cucumber Finger has the following undeniable benefits:
- long fruiting period (about 60 days)
- excellent taste and attractive appearance of multipurpose zelents
- bundle formation of cucumber ovaries
- good transportability
- high immunity to many fungal diseases, including tolerance to downy mildew
- resistance to spring and autumn frosts
- wide area of zoning
- high yield (up to 7 kg per 1 sq. m).
The disadvantages of the variety are:
- the need for timely pinching
- pollination by bees
- loss of gustatory and marketable qualities in case of overgrowth.
Cucumber Finger is a variety of hybrid origin that is not afraid of downy mildew and bears fruit for 60 days. It can be grown both outdoors and in film conditions. Ripe fruits can be eaten fresh, as well as used to prepare preparations for the winter.
Finger cucumbers love a humid environment. But you need to water carefully, following the advice of agronomists:
- Do not overgrow the roots. Stagnation of moisture around the plant causes fungal infection.
- Warm water. For watering, a barrel (container) is placed next to the ridge or greenhouse. Water is poured into it in the evening or in the morning, so that during the day it becomes close to the ambient temperature. Cold water from a well, water supply or well will lead to the discharge of the ovary, the yield of cucumbers will be much less.
- Evening and morning watering. The time for moistening the soil is selected according to the capabilities of the summer resident, the main thing is before bright sunlight hits, that is, during the period of shade of the bushes.
Tip: for quick ripening and an early harvest, cucumbers are grafted onto laginaria. In addition, the juiciness of the fruit will improve.
The taste of cucumbers depends on the fulfillment of the requirements. Reviews claim that the "Finger" variety will conquer experienced and novice vegetable growers - its positive characteristics are numerous.
Cucumber Boy with Finger F1
Finger Boy is an early cucumber hybrid that does not require the help of bees to pollinate the flowers (parthenocarpic). Bred by breeders of the Manul company (Russia). Only 37-41 days pass from germination to the beginning of fruiting. Recommended for growing under film shelters. Many reviews claim good growth in apartment conditions, on the windowsill and on the balcony.
The plant grows medium-growing, vigorous. The main branch has great growth potential. Leaves are medium, green. The leaf sinus forms 2 to 6 ovaries. The planting density recommended by the manufacturer is 2.5 seedlings per sq. M. in a greenhouse, and up to 4 pieces outdoors.
Fruits with small tubercles, oval, no neck. Length is 8-10 cm, weight 50-65 g. Green skin with indistinct light stripes extending to the middle of the fruit. The thorns are not prickly, white. Marketable yield is 10-13 kg / sq.m. Cucumbers are not prone to overgrowing when picked late. To collect gherkins, harvesting is recommended when a length of 6-8 cm is reached.
Consumers note excellent fresh taste, pickling and pickling.
The hybrid has a high resistance to the cucumber mosaic virus, brown spot. Medium resistant to downy mildew. It is good at adapting to an unfavorable external climate. Tolerates the lack of watering well.
The main advantages of the Boy with a finger cucumber can be noted:
- Cucumber Disease Resistance:
- Early maturity
- Versatility of use
- Bundle arrangement of ovaries
- Intense fruiting
Self-cultivation of cucumbers
The described variety is recommended to be bred on vertical trellises. If a gardener grows plants in a greenhouse or greenhouse complex with a high ceiling, then breeders recommend pinching the main whip of the bush over the trellis.
The room temperature should be kept at about + 22 ° C.
It is necessary to water the bushes every day, but with small portions of water. The soil under the bushes should not dry out, but strong moistening of the soil in the garden should not be allowed, as this will lead to the death of plants. Watering is carried out with warm water, settled under the rays of the sun. It is recommended to conduct watering activities early in the morning, before sunrise.
If the gardener has planted seeds or transplanted seedlings into the beds, then the first 14 days after the emergence of seedlings, the plants need fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers and organic matter (peat or manure). The second time the bushes are fed during flowering with phosphorus fertilizers. After the appearance of fruits, it is recommended to introduce complex mixtures containing nitrogen and potassium into the soil in the beds.
If the thermal regime is violated, then foliar dressing is used. When weak, small fruits develop on the bushes, you need to add a mullein to the soil, and then feed the bushes with urea or use humus for these purposes.
To prevent this from happening, you need to ventilate the greenhouse in time. This measure helps to keep the temperature and humidity in the room within the required limits.
To protect plants from garden pests and various diseases, it is necessary to carry out preventive treatment of the bushes. For this, various chemical drugs and poisonous agents are used.
But you can use both harmless decoctions and infusions from tomato or potato tops. They help to destroy ticks, various beetles, insect caterpillars, rid plants of aphids. Spraying leaves and stems with copper sulfate also helps. If not, you can use a soapy solution.
Slugs and parasites living on the roots of bushes are destroyed with ash or fly ash. These substances are introduced into the soil in the beds.