Hatiora epiphylloides subsp. bradei
Hatiora epiphylloides is an epiphytic, freely branching, shrubby, pendent cactus. Hatiora epiphylloides subsp. bradei tends to have…
Hatiora: How To Take of them Care At Home
Types of hatiory
Hatiora is a small genus of tropical epiphytic (rare – lithophytic) cacti with only six recognized species that grow in tropical forests of Brazil and a hybrid that is the result of selection.
In the meantime all representatives of this genus have been subdivided into two subgenera, different in their appearance.
Types of hatiory
The subgenus Hatiora comprises three species (H. salicornioides, H. herminiae, H. cylindrica), characterized by the cylindrical shape of the segments of the stalk, the relatively vertical growth of shoots that have the property of rather woody, and relatively small flowers.
Hatiora salt ( Hatiora salicornioides ) – low, about 50 cm, bushy, abundant branching plant. The stems are dark green, soft, thin, hanging. Segments of the stem have a size-shaped shape and reach a length of 1.5 to 5 cm, the diameter of their thick part rarely being larger than 0.7 cm. At the top of each segment is a small white cap from a areola with small setae. With the development of this areola, wreaths of new segments-pins, collected in bundles of 2 – 6 pieces, grow. Sometimes very small, barely perceptible areoles can be seen on the lateral surface, but more often they are not expressed, similar to small smooth tubercels. Leaves are absent as such.
It is time to bloom in the winter – spring. Flowers solitary, sitting (without peduncle and stalks), appear on the tops of stems in the youngest areoles. The calyx is multilayered, elongated, about 2 cm in diameter. The petals are translucent, fleshy, yellow, their outer layer grows together at the base, and forms a small, wide open tube about 1 cm long.
This species is the only one that is grown at home.
Hatiora herminiae has a more modest size and reaches a height of 30 cm. The shoots are gray or dark green. Stem segments are uniformly cylindrical, up to 5 cm long, about 0.5 cm thick, over the entire length, have the same cross-sectional diameter. Lateral areoles much larger than in the previous species, with quite striking 1 to 2 setae. The flowers are crimson red, the length of the crown tube is 2 cm, the diameter of the bowl is approximately 2.5 cm.
Hatiora cylindrical ( Hatiora cylindrica ) combines the characteristics of the two types described above: the segments of the stem are equally wide over the entire length, the flowers have a yellow color.
The subgenus Rhipsalidopsis comprises three natural species and one hybrid. Their distinguishing characteristic are hanging shoots with flat, broad, oval, slightly segmented segments and bright, large flowers. As in the group described above, these cacti have slightly released areoles at the ends of each segment, but the lateral areoles are strictly at the base of the teeth.
Two species of this group of cacti are grown at home : Hatiora gaertneri and Hatiora × graeseri – a hybrid of H. gaertneri and H. rosea. Both plants are known to flower growers as the “Easter cactus”.
Hatiora gaertneri, in the form of its green shoots, with flat oval segments with a weakly milled edge, recalls Schlumberberg of the Russelliana ( Schlumbergera russeliana), known as the “Christmas cactus”. But if the last of the weakly abused areola at the end of the segment usually develops 1 to 2 new shoots, then a triple branching is very common at headquarters. Moreover, the edge of the “Easter cactus” segment is flattened, the teeth are less pronounced and there are more from 3 to 5. The segments themselves become 4-7 cm long and 2 – 2.5 cm wide. The flowers are crimson, with a diameter of about 5 cm, developing from the apical areoles, not only at the ends of the stems, but also at the previous segments, at the points of their connection, which “hang” from small protrusions that remain from the tops.
The flourishing Hatior Gartner is confused with the slumberberger is already more complicated. Although it also has a funnel-shaped (more precisely, conical) corolla, but its wide open calyx with numerous narrow and long petals does not form separate upright layers, all the petals are pressed together, although they have different lengths: outside – short, inner – long.
Hatiora rosea ( Hatiora rosea ), the second “parent” of the hybrid, differs from the previous species in a more compact format. The segments reach a length of only 2.5 cm and a width of 1 cm. The flowers are crimson red of a maximum of 4 cm in diameter.
Hybrid Hatiora × graeseri received the best signs from their parents: compact sizes and large flowers with a diameter of up to 7.5 cm, the color of which has different shades of pink, from light to dark.
Hatiora epiphylloid ( Hatiora epiphylloides ) is virtually unknown to amateur growers . This plant is not for experienced collectors and cannot survive under the normal circumstances of a city apartment. The size of the stem segments varies within 2 × 1 cm. The flowers are yellow, small, approximately 1 cm long and 1 cm in diameter.
Care for the house at home
Although a hatior cannot be called a plant for beginners, the care for her does not cause problems. It’s just a florist to remember that this cactus is an epiphyte, used to living in tree forks in the shade of their crowns, and in a city apartment it must provide the right environment.
Hachiora does not tolerate bright lighting and does not burn in direct sunlight. When placed in a room, preference should be given to the windows in the eastern, western and even northern direction. On the southern window, the plant will constantly have to pritenyat or, if possible, it is better to go deeper into the room, at a certain distance from the window. However, you cannot overshadow it with shade, because the hutior cannot flower due to the lack of light, or the flowering will be very scarce.
The range of summer temperatures, favorable for the development of this cactus, fluctuates around 25 ° C. From November to January these indicators must be lowered to 7 – 13 ° C, as a cool winter content is one of the conditions for applying bookmarks on flower buds and the formation of buds in a hutory.
As soon as the threat of night frost disappears, the plant can be taken to the street, to the balcony or to the garden, in a place protected from the sun’s rays and protected from draft. The latter is rather important because this cactus does not tolerate strong temperature changes.
The plant is watered abundantly from mid-spring to mid-autumn, preventing the land from drying out. The soil between water must remain constantly slightly moist (but not wet!).
Watering is reduced at the start of the rest period because lower temperatures slow the evaporation of moisture, and the excess at this time will easily lead to water hazards and root rot.
In general, the hathor responds poorly to both the bay and the drought, in response to the adverse effects of shrinking of the stem segments, their collapse and falls.
Although the plant resists the dry air of city apartments, but on hot summer days and during the heating season it is recommended to spray it regularly.
Hathiora prefers a loose, breathing nutrient medium with a weak acidic reaction. The following composition of the soil mixture is suitable for cultivation:
1) turf, green soil, humus and coarse-grained river sand, taken in equal parts
2) a mixture of equal parts of peat, garden soil and coarse sand
3) deciduous, humus, grass, peat and sand, taken in the ratio 6: 4: 1: 2: 2.
Whatever composition of the soil mix is chosen, it should be remembered that this cactus will only flower in organic soils rich in organic matter.
The plant is recommended to plant in a small pot because the root system is not developed. In the landing bin, it is necessary to form a good drainage layer of expanded clay, pebbles or skulls of crushed clay.
In the period of active growth and flowering every two weeks the nutrient is fed with complex fertilizers for cacti. All feeding is stopped during the rest period.
The easiest way to reproduce at home in a homely way is to break off vegetatively, not to cut! The cuttings of stems of 2 to 3 segments. They are lightly dried and buried in prepared moist soil. The rooting takes place fairly quickly.
This cactus is rarely damaged by pests, but sometimes spider mites , scabies , white flies and mealybugs can be seen . At the first signs of the lesion, the plant is treated with targeted insecticides. For example, the spider mite, Aktellik, Fufanon, Phytoverm, Neoron, etc. are good. Against the scutellum it is recommended to use Fitoverm or Akarin.
With regard to the diseases, the hathor is susceptible to infections with bacterial and fungal infections, in particular phytophthora and fusarium. You can use fungicidal drugs to fight them, but in the case of a progressive disease that affects most of the plant, it will have to be destroyed along with the soil and the pot.
Pay attention! The stems of the Satorous hachiora are very brittle and can fall off at low pressure and sometimes under their own weight. To prevent this, it is recommended to bind them to the support..