Medicinal properties of loosestrife
Read part 1. ← Verbeynik: cultivation, types and varieties, application
Medicinal properties of loosestrife
common loosestrife and its closest relative monetary loosestrife. They are mainly used as a hemostatic agent. In addition to this, Looseweed helps with jaundice, heavy menstruation, cramps, general weakness, diarrhea and scurvy.
The herb of the plant has an anticonvulsant and tonic effect. Water infusion of the herb is used for thrush, stomatitis, to eliminate bad breath. The herb infusion is used to prepare compresses for influenza, burns, boils and carbuncles. Outwardly, the herb is used for poultices for muscular and articular rheumatism, for inflammation of the skin or joints.
The crushed leaves of the plant are applied to bleeding wounds to stop minor bleeding. More effective in these cases is the common loosestrife juice. In folk medicine, the plant is used in the form of tea for lung diseases, if the patient cannot clear his throat in the morning and get rid of the accumulated mucus.
Tincture. 2 tablespoons of herbs are poured into 200 g of vodka and insisted for two weeks, squeezed, take 20 drops three times a day before meals.
Broth. 20 g of loosestrife grass, crushed, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool for 10 minutes without removing from the bath, filter. Take 1/3 cup 2-3 times a day before meals.
Infusion. 15 g of flowers or leaves are poured over 200 ml of boiling water, infused in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cooled for 45 minutes, filtered. Take 1/3 cup 2-3 times daily before meals.
Fresh juice for nasal and eye drops should be diluted with water at the rate of 1: 1, inside - 1 teaspoon per 30 ml of water 2-3 times a day before meals.
Collection and processing of raw materials. Grass and sap are harvested during flowering. Dried, spread out in a thin layer, under a canopy or in the attic.
Contraindications Common loosestrife, like other loosestrife, is contraindicated for varicose veins, increased blood clotting, and sclerosis. It is also not recommended to use these plants for patients suffering from hypertension. Do not give herbal decoctions to treat dry coughs in children.
Read part 3. Types and varieties of verbena →
Tatiana Lybina, gardener,
Zhezkazgan, Republic of Kazakhstan
Photo by the author
Healing properties of motherwort
Genus Motherwort (Leonurus) includes over 20 species, of which 3 are common on the territory of our country: n. heart (L. cardiaca), n. five-bladed, or shaggy (L. quinquelobatus), and n. siberian (L. sibiricus). Chinese traditional medicine is widely used n. Japanese (L. japonicus). The healing properties of these species are similar in many ways.
The medicinal raw material is motherwort grass (aerial part of the plant). It is used fresh (juice is squeezed out) and dried (for the preparation of decoctions, infusions, tinctures). Motherwort preparations have a pronounced sedative, as well as antispasmodic and mild diuretic effects, they help to normalize the functions of the nervous system, lower blood pressure, slow down the frequency and increase the force of heart contractions, and normalize the heart rate.
This plant (both separately and as part of the collection) is used for various neuroses, insomnia, neurasthenia, hysteria, with nervous shocks, stress, increased nervous excitability, functional disorders of the nervous system during the climacteric period. The juice from a fresh plant, infusions and tinctures dry raw materials are used in the treatment of hypertension, angina pectoris, and other diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
Motherwort herb is used by both folk and official medicine
Traditional medicine recommends infusions (cold or hot) and napar motherwort herbs for stomach colic, flatulence, chronic catarrh of the stomach and intestines. It is also known about the use of motherwort preparations for epilepsy, thyroid diseases, bronchial asthma. In gynecological practice, motherwort infusion can be used for menstrual irregularities, scanty and painful menstruation.
Motherwort is a very unpretentious and rather ornamental plant that is easy to grow in your summer cottage. Besides, it is a good honey plant. And it is convenient to choose motherwort seeds in our catalog, which represents the products of large garden online stores. Select motherwort seeds.
Collection of medicinal herbs
To the collection of medicinal herbs it is necessary to approach very responsibly, since everyone has a different harvesting period.
If the timing of collecting herbs is not met, then the effect of treatment with such drugs will not be great.
The table lists the picking times that are most common in your garden:
|Name||Raw materials||Months||Beneficial features|
|Calamus||rhizomes||March, April, September, October, November||improves stomach activity, reduces gastric acidity, relieves colic|
|St. John's wort||grass||June July||improves the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, fights diseases of the nervous system, normalizes the menstrual cycle|
|Clover||flowers, grass||May June July August||gives an expectorant effect, eliminates pain, carries anti-inflammatory properties|
|Nettle||leaves, roots||for leaves - May, June, July roots - September, October, November||heals hemorrhoids, stops bleeding, normalizes metabolism, is used in the treatment of rheumatism and anemia|
|Mother and stepmother||flowers, leaves||flowers - March, April leaves - June, July||relieves inflammation, carries choleretic properties|
|Plantain||grass, leaves||June July August||relieves inflammation, eliminates pain|
|Chamomile||flowers||May June July August||relieves inflammation, calms the nervous system, eliminates pain, fights allergies, carries laxative and diuretic properties|
|Celandine||grass||April May June||soothes the nervous system, relieves inflammation, kills harmful bacteria, carries anticonvulsant and anti-inflammatory properties|
Herbal medicine is a great alternative to drugs and pills. And if you use medicinal plants correctly then most of your first aid kit will remain intact.
We have begun the process of filling our pharmacy corner. Caring for medicinal plants is required no more than for ordinary garden crops. How else to fill the garden, you have to decide for yourself.
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Plantain (Plantago) belongs to the plantain family. This genus is represented by shrubs, as well as perennial and annual herbaceous plants. According to information taken from various sources, this genus unites 150–250 species. Representatives of the genus Plantain in natural conditions can be found in any corner of the planet Earth. Most of the species are weeds. However, among them there are those that have medicinal properties, namely: flea plantain, or flea plantain, as well as larger or large plantain. In nature, this culture prefers to grow on wastelands, in the steppes, along roads, and also in the sands. Some of the plantain species are listed in the Red Book.
Stinging nettle - Urtica dioica
Popular names: zhaliva, zhguchka, zhegala (Tver region), strekava (Pskov, Tver regions), seri-palaks (Mordovia), windmill (Chuvashia), seizir, kirtken (Kyrgyzstan), eginj (Armenia), tchintchari (Georgia ).
Stinging nettle. © Emilian Robert Vicol
Stinging nettle Is a perennial dioecious herb with a long rhizome. Stems are erect, obtuse-tetrahedral, furrowed, with stiff stinging hairs. Leaves are opposite, ovate-lanceolate, large-toed, covered with stinging hairs. The flowers are small, unisexual, green, with a simple four-part perianth. Male flowers with four stamens, female flowers with one pistil, with a sessile stigma. Inflorescences are axillary, long, spike-shaped, hanging. The fruit is an egg-shaped nut. Height 30-150 cm.
Healing and medicinal herbs today
In our century medicinal herbs and plants are used by both folk and scientific medicine. In the first case, their medicinal properties are found out empirically, in the second, plants (they are called official, from the word officina - pharmacy), before getting into the hands of a doctor, undergo a number of special studies - biological, chemical, pharmacological, chemotherapeutic, toxicological, clinical. As a result of such a study, the chemical composition of the plant, its effect on the body is established, and after multilateral comprehensive approbation, the plant is allowed for medical use, is entered into the State Register. The study of medicinal plants has become a separate science called "pharmacognosy". In this area, the most versatile research is being carried out, which are carried out by pharmacognosticians - highly qualified specialists with special pharmaceutical education (pharmacists). Research is carried out in the field of biology and chemistry of medicinal plants, their resources, rational use and reproduction of stocks, technology for processing medicinal plant raw materials, production of phytochemicals, etc. In modern domestic medical practice, about 230 medicinal herbs and plants are used. Some of them are used in pure form or in a mixture with other plants (fees) and dispensed from pharmacies in packaged form, others are supplied to industrial enterprises as raw materials, where they are used to prepare medicines.
Plants are of two types: wild and cultivated. Cultivation medicinal herbs specialized state farms of the Ministry of the Medical and Microbiological Industry are engaged in: the procurement of wild plants is provided by the organizations of the Tsentrosoyuz, pharmacy departments, forestry enterprises and state industrial enterprises. In cases where the collection of raw materials for some species of wild medicinal plants is economically unprofitable or their natural reserves are insufficient, valuable species medicinal herbs are introduced into the crop to provide a sustainable and reliable source of raw materials. At the same time, measures are being taken to preserve and multiply the natural habitats of medicinal plants: species that are difficult to introduce into culture are taken under special protection, reserves with a special mode of operation are created, plants that are on the verge of extinction are listed in the Red Book. The All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Medicinal Plants, botanical gardens and institutes of academies of sciences, pharmaceutical faculties and institutes, and branch research institutes are engaged in the study of medicinal plants. Scientists have isolated many active substances in their pure form, thanks to which plants have medicinal properties. Most of these substances are artificially reproduced, and some even have an enhanced therapeutic effect.
Despite significant advances in chemical synthesis, medicinal plants continue to occupy an important place in the general arsenal of medicines. More than a third of the drugs produced are still derived from plants. Domestic medical practice uses about 300 herbal preparations of various actions, which have a positive effect on the functions of a number of organs and systems of the human body. These are primarily agents that actively affect the cardiovascular, central and peripheral nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidney function, etc. Biologically active substances of plants are included in more than 700 medicines. It should be noted that medicinal plants and their preparations act on a sick organism more mildly than chemically synthesized ones. Medicinal herbs are living organisms and form physiologically closer substances in relation to the human body than synthetic drugs. Their therapeutic effect, although it develops slowly, is more prolonged and does not cause sharp side effects. In our country, the main research on the creation of new preparations from plants is carried out by specialized institutions. As a result of scientific research, new highly effective drugs of various spectrum of action have been created, which have become widely known both domestically and abroad. These drugs include securinin, which stimulates the central nervous system, saparl, which has a tonic effect, gindarin, a sedative, flacumin, convaflavin, silibor, choleretic drugs, liquiditon, flacarbin, allanton - anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic drugs for the treatment of glyciramics, which has a moderate supraspasmodic effect. allergic diseases.
Currently, in order to objectively determine the raw material base for the production of medicines, resource studies are being carried out, on the basis of which scientific and methodological recommendations are developed on the operation and renewal of thickets of medicinal plants in nature. The results of research of plant resources are transferred to the pharmacy of the department, for further planning and organization of the procurement of medicinal plant materials in various regions. It is promising to study medicinal herbs in the geochemical aspect, that is, the study of the influence of the chemical composition of the soil on the formation of biologically active substances in medicinal plants. This makes it possible to purposefully predict the areas of procurement of raw materials with the maximum content of certain active substances.
In the future, intensive development will receive research on the integrated use of medicinal plant raw materials, obtaining valuable biologically active substances from industrial waste, on the development of collections from medicinal plants, etc. fashionable "drugs, but remain a reliable, ageless means, many of the secrets of which have yet to be deciphered. However, you should know that medicinal herbs, like any medications, also have side effects and, under certain conditions, can have a negative effect. The chemical and biologically active substances contained in them are more difficult to accurately dose than the active substance in its pure form. That is why medicinal plants cannot be regarded as completely harmless "home" or "proven folk" remedies. Considerable harm to health is caused by treatment by private practitioners of healers who do not even have a remote idea of the subtlest physiological and biochemical aspects of the interaction of a medicine with a sick body. The "potions" prepared by them often contain mutually incompatible substances, and sometimes they are simply poisonous. Successful herbal treatment is possible only under strict medical supervision. Should not be purchased medicinal herbs in the markets.This is dangerous to health, and sometimes to life.
Medicinal plants in medicine (herbalist)
Herbalist - a directory of medicinal plants used in folk, traditional and alternative medicine. Prescriptions and methods of preparation of medicines. Methods for collecting, preparing and storing raw materials.
For the classifier, a list of herbs for the therapeutic effect on the body, read a special article.