Growing pachistachis and caring for it at home
Pachistachis has been cultivated at home since the 19th century. The plant pleases the eye with decorative succulent leaves, unusual spike-shaped inflorescences, a long flowering period. Unfortunately, this luxurious flower is rarely seen on our windowsills. For some reason, it is believed that pachistachis is fastidious, capricious and requires complex care. But this is not so, even a novice florist can grow a plant.
Blooming yellow pachystachis
Pachistachis is a tropical flower native to eastern India, central and southern America. It grows in the form of a bush, the height of an adult plant is 2 m, oval leaves of rich green color are directed downward. It is valued for the original bright yellow or red bracts in the form of a ten-centimeter spikelet; small white flowers are almost invisible against their background. The flowering period is from early spring to mid-autumn, the flowers themselves fall off quickly, but the bracts do not lose their decorative effect for a long time. The plant feels quite comfortable in indoor conditions, prefers high humidity.
There are 12 plant varieties, of which only two varieties are domesticated - yellow (Pachystachys Lutea) and the rarer red pachystachis (Pachystachys coccinea). Pachystachis yellow is a shrub 1–1.2 m high, with erect shoots, the lower part of which grows stiff over time. The shape of the leaves is oval with narrowed tips, the size is 5 cm wide and 15 cm long. Spike-shaped inflorescences are covered with bright yellow bracts, from which small white flowers appear.
Pachistachis red differs from its relative in the size of the bush and the color of the inflorescences. This species has dark green bracts, rather large red flowers appear on them. Bushes can grow up to 2 m, apparently, due to its impressive size, the plant is rarely found in home flower collections.
Photo gallery: varieties of pachistakhis
Table: Features of care depending on the season Factor Spring, summer Autumn, winter
Such conditions are also suitable for growing Episios, read about this: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/pavlinij-cvetok-ili-episciya-kak-obespechit-ej-v-domashnix-usloviyax-dostojnyj-uxod.html
Planting and replanting: drainage, soil and pot selection
Young plants need to be replanted every spring. Adult flowers change the soil every 2-3 years. The most suitable time for moving the pachistachis to another pot is early-mid-March. The plant is pruned before transplanting. The flower is planted in a nutritious soil enriched with humus. You can use ready-made soils for flowering plants. Pakhistakhis does not tolerate stagnant water well, so the lower part of the pot must be filled with a layer of drainage (1–2 cm): pebbles, expanded clay, clay shards.
Soil composition for self-cooking:
- Peat - 1 part.
- Sod land - 2 parts.
- Sand and humus - 1 part each.
- Leafy land - 1 part.
Young plants are planted in medium-sized pots with a volume of 1–1.5 liters. The containers should not be too high, it is good if you can find dishes with the same height and diameter. Each next transplant is carried out in a pot 1–1.5 cm wider than the previous one. Adult plants are planted in a container with a volume of 2.5 liters, the proportions of height and diameter are preserved.
The plant is not capricious, however, if the rules of care are not followed, it loses its presentation, stretches ugly, sheds its leaves and stops blooming. Watering and feeding, the choice of fertilizer depending on the season Pachistachis is sensitive to both overflow and drying out. In the summer, the flower needs frequent watering, as soon as the topsoil dries up. In no case should the earthen coma completely dry out.
In winter, the intensity of watering is reduced to 3 times a week. You can use only soft water without admixture of mineral salts. Tap water should be allowed to stand for several days before use. During the period of active growth, starting from the first days of April and ending in September, pachistachis are fed with complex mineral fertilizers and organic matter. The procedure is performed every 14 days. You can use liquid complex fertilizers for flowering plants, such as Agricola, Fasco, Living Force.
Pruning pachystachis at a distance of 10-15 cm from the ground
In nature, the pachistachis bush grows up to 1.2 (yellow) and up to 2 m (red). At home, uncontrolled growth will lead to a loss of decorativeness of the plant - the lower part will be ugly exposed, the size of internodes will increase, and some of the foliage will be lost. To form a compact and harmonious crown, pachystachis must be cut or pinched every spring. The first pruning is done at a distance of 10-15 cm from the ground. In the future, you need to pinch all the branches over the second pair of leaves. Each spring, the tops of the flower are cut to stimulate flowering. If you adhere to these rules, in a few years you will become the owner of a plant with a beautiful crown.
Scheme of further pruning of pachistachis
One of the main advantages of a perennial is its beautiful, candle-like flowers. The main task of the owner is to provide all the conditions for long and lush flowering. With proper care, flowering lasts from early March to mid-autumn.
Medinilla is also valued for its exotic flowering. You can learn how to provide her with decent care at home from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/medinilla-kak-obespechit-ej-dostojnyj-uxod-v-domashnix-usloviyax.html
What factors affect the appearance of peduncles:
- The correct temperature regime, the required air humidity, abundant watering.
- A sufficient level of lighting, with a lack of light, pachystachis will not be able to form flower buds.
- Top dressing with complex fertilizers during the growth period. Mandatory spring pruning. Flowers are formed only on new shoots.
After the plant has faded and the bracts begin to dry out, they must be cut off with at least one pair of leaves. This stimulates the further growth of pachystachis and the laying of new buds.
At the end of October, after the end of flowering, a dormant period begins. Pachystachis growth slows down. The plant even consumes much less moisture during its rest. But in no case should you overdry the earth, the flower will quickly respond to insufficient watering - large leaves will begin to curl the edges down, in an attempt to save precious water. Caring for pachistachis during the rest period:
Water every other day.
- Stop fertilizing.
- Do not prune.
- Do not transfer to the shade, leave the pot on the east or west windowsill.
Table: How care errors appear (curling, leaves fall, etc.) and what to do to correct the situation
Photo Gallery: Care Errors
Diseases and pests, their signs, prevention and treatment measures
With proper care, pachistachis is practically not susceptible to disease, but it can suffer from numerous insect pests. The plant most often becomes infected from sick flowers standing nearby or infected bouquets brought into the house. Some diseases, such as powdery mildew, are carried by air currents.
Table: pests and diseases, signs, treatment and prevention
Photo gallery: pests affecting pachistachis
Propagation of pachistachis by cuttings
Pachistachis at home propagates by cuttings. To obtain new plants, you can use the shoots left after spring pruning. Cuttings are rooted in two ways: by germinating the roots in water and by planting them in the ground. In the first case, lower the planting material into a glass with a small amount of water, wait for the roots to appear and plant the young plants in the ground. To stimulate root formation, you need to add a stimulant to the water (a few drops of aloe juice, Kornevin, etc.). Unfortunately, when propagated in this way, a small percentage of plants survive, most of them rot during rooting.When using the second method, cuttings are rooted in moist soil.
Rooting pachistachis in the soil:
We prepare small pots with a diameter of 12-15 cm.
Pots for planting pachistachis cuttings
Fill with light soil consisting of peat and sand (2: 1), slightly moisten the soil.
Pot filled with soil for planting pachistachis
We take cuttings 10-15 cm long, remove the lower leaves.
Pachystachis cuttings for rooting
We lower the lower part of the shoot into the Kornevin preparation (produced in the form of a powder).
Cuttings processed by Kornevin
We plant the plants in the ground, deepening the lower part by 1–1.5 cm.
Pachistachis planted in the ground
We cover small pachistachis with a cap from a jar or a cut plastic bottle.
Pachystachis cuttings covered with a plastic bottle cap
It will take about a month to form the root system. The caps can be removed when new leaves appear on the cuttings. The young plant will need to get used to the reduced humidity, so do not remove the protective containers immediately. Start with 1 hour a day and gradually increase the time so that after 2 weeks, you completely abandon the shelter.
Video: growing pachistachis
Pachistachis is an unusual tropical plant with original candle-like flowers. Adhering to simple rules of care, you can grow a beautiful and compact bush and achieve annual long flowering.
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We do pruning and form a pachystachis bush
In nature, pachistachis is yellow, the most popular among amateur flower growers, it is a perennial shrub up to 120 cm high.At home, there is not always a place for such a respectable pet. However, you should not give up a brightly flowering plant. It is much more correct to regularly monitor the crown, because the correct formation and pruning of the pachistachis bush also solves this problem, and gives an excellent planting material for the propagation of indoor culture.
Pachystachis is yellow. Pachistachis: home care, reproduction
Pakhistakhis is a rare guest in our apartments. Although it has been known in indoor floriculture since the 19th century, from the time when tireless travelers noticed it in the lowlands of the tropical forests of America.
The genus Pachystachys belongs to the Acanthus family, has 12 species. Of these, only three species are known in culture: Pachystachys coccinea, Pachystachys lutea, and Pachystachys Spicata. These perennial plants are used in landscaping in countries with tropical and subtropical climates, where the air temperature does not drop below + 10 ° C. In countries where the climate does not allow the plant to winter in the open field, it is grown in an annual culture, like our summer plants.
Translated from Greek "pachistachis" means "thick thorn" or "thick ear". The name is given for the thick spike-shaped inflorescence of the plant. At home, as well as in greenhouses and conservatories, only the Pachystachys lutea species is grown. We usually call this houseplant by the common name of the genus, that is, simply Pachistachis. In warmer regions, where the plant is more common, pachystachis yellow is known as the Golden Candle or Golden Shrimp.
Pachistachis is an evergreen shrub with branched woody stems, the height of which in nature is no more than 120 cm. Potted specimens are much lower. It has large, broadly oval corrugated leaves of a dark green color 10 cm long, corrugated due to veins.
Thanks to the beautiful yellow bracts - sepals, the plant is deservedly classified as flowering. They densely cover a ten-centimeter dense multi-flowered spike-shaped inflorescence of yellow pachystachis, resembling a bright yellow candle. Alternately, white long tubular flowers with a diameter of no more than 5 cm appear in the inflorescence from the bracts, which adorn it for a very short time. The flowers have two lips, partially hidden by yellow bracts, which resembles the structure of shrimps to many. For its resemblance to these crustaceans, pachystachis yellow is called Golden Shrimp.
Pachystachis bloom lasts a long time, from June to autumn, for which this houseplant is valued. All this time, yellow bracts retain their bright decorative appearance. In tropical countries, the flowering of yellow pachystachis continues almost all year round.
Growing pachystachis at home
Pachystachis yellow is a light and heat-loving plant. He prefers bright diffused light, so the best location for him is on the northeastern windows. On the southern windows, the flower will have to be shaded from the midday sun.
In its native latitudes, yellow pachistachis can withstand temperatures up to + 10 ° C. But its leaves crumble at the same time, and the plant then recovers for a long time. At home, in winter, pachistachis is kept at a temperature not lower than +16 ° C. In summer, the temperature will be + 22-25 ° C. At this time of year, the plant can be taken out onto the balcony.
Any soil for acidic flower crops is suitable for the plant. An important condition is that it must be breathable, at the bottom of the pot, drainage of 2.5 cm is needed, for example, from expanded clay.
The plant needs a spacious pot with a volume of at least 2.5 liters. If you plant 2-4 plants in one pot and grow them in a one to three year culture, you should choose a low pot with a wide diameter. With this cultivation, the general appearance of the plant is more bushy, it has more yellow inflorescences. A single plant with perennial cultivation turns out to be taller, resembles a tree or shrub with bare trunks below. It is grown in regular large pots.
Pachystachis care: watering, feeding, spraying
Pachystachis yellow is picky about soil moisture. He needs regular moderate watering with warm, settled water, as well as for a brighter and more prolonged flowering of top dressing from spring to autumn. The plant is fed twice a month with full complex fertilizer. In winter, watering is reduced, feeding is stopped altogether. Pachystachis yellow is picky about air humidity, therefore it needs frequent spraying, especially in dry and hot weather.
Young plants are transplanted once a year, usually in spring, old ones - every three years. When transplanting, the pot is changed to a larger one.
The transplant is combined with pruning the pachystachis, thereby forming a plant. The more often the pachystachis is pinched and cut off, the thicker and thicker it becomes. This helps to hide the trunk that is bare from time to time, prevents the plant from stretching.
Video: Pachystachis yellow (Pachystachys lutea)
Pachystachis yellow is a rather unpretentious plant. Can be affected by aphids, whitefly, mealybugs and spider mites, which is not a big problem. This is easily solved in the usual way for all indoor plants with the help of special plant protection products.
If pachystachis leaves fall off, it means that its roots lack moisture - the plants should be watered. The same phenomenon is observed with a significant decrease in the temperature of the content of pachystachis - it is necessary to move it to a more comfortable environment.
Reproduction of pachistachis
Pachystachis is propagated by apical cuttings, which are taken during the spring pruning of the plant. Summer cuttings are also used. With proper agricultural technology, plants bloom in the same year.For grafting, semi-lignified stems are cut so that 2 internodes remain at the top, and two internodes go into the soil after planting. The lower ends of the cuttings are treated with a root former (heteroauxin, root, etc.) and planted in a micro-greenhouse, that is, under a film, or covered with a jar or glass. The cuttings are kept in a moist substrate, ventilated, after the appearance of signs of growth, the film or jar is removed.
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Indoor pachystachis is one of the light-loving plants. In order for it to grow and develop well, it needs a large amount of bright light, which must be diffused. An excellent place for this plant will be a northeastern window sill. If you put a bush on the south window, then you will have to shade it from the direct rays of the sun, and this must be done at noon.
In nature, such a plant can withstand a drop in air temperature up to 10 degrees. However, if the bush stays in the cold for a long time, all the leaf plates will fly around it. In this regard, in room conditions during the rest period, the air temperature should not fall below 16 degrees. In the warm season, the bush feels quite comfortable at room temperature, which is typical for summer.
If desired, in summer, pachistachis can be moved outside (to the garden, to the terrace or balcony). This will be very beneficial for the flower. However, do not forget to protect it from gusts of wind, rain and drafts.
During the growing season, the substrate in the pot should be moistened abundantly and systematically, on average, once every 3–7 days (depending on the air temperature in the room). During cool wintering, watering of the plant can range from sparse to moderate. In the event that pachistachis is warm in winter, then the irrigation regime should be the same as in summer. You can understand that a flower needs urgent watering by its foliage: it loses its turgor and hangs. But before drying the earthen coma in a pot, it is better not to bring it, it is recommended to moisten it immediately after the top layer dries.
Pachystachis is watered only with filtered, thawed or well-settled (at least 24 hours) water. In this case, the water must be necessarily warm (1 or 2 degrees warmer than room temperature).
Indoor pachistachis must be fed. During intensive growth, feeding is carried out 1 time in 15 days and a mineral complex is used for this. A nutrient solution is prepared from it, with which a pre-moistened soil mixture is spilled.
Organics are also suitable for feeding. For example, in specialized stores you can find a solution of chicken manure or mullein, it is completely ready to use. In the event that the bush is warm in winter, then it will also need systematic feeding, but they should be carried out once every 4–6 weeks.
While the bush is young, a transplant is carried out every year in the spring months, but it must be in time before the plant blooms. An adult pachystachis does not need frequent transplants. As a rule, it is carried out once every 3 years, or even less often.
In order for a flower to develop normally, it needs a suitable soil mixture: sod and leafy soil, peat, humus, coarse river sand (taken in equal shares). When 15 days remain before the transplant, disinfect the substrate, for example, it can be ignited in the oven or spilled with a solution of saturated-colored potassium permanganate. Don't forget to make a good drainage layer on the bottom of the new container.
Before the transplant itself, the bush is pruned. The procedure is carried out by the transshipment method. When the bush is placed in a new pot, it remains to pour fresh substrate into it, which is lightly tamped. Make sure that there are no voids left. Water the pachistachis well. The transplanted bush is protected from direct sunlight for several days.
Plants should be trimmed systematically. Otherwise, the lower part of the stems is exposed, which causes the decorativeness of the entire bush to suffer. At the end of the dormant period, all pachistachis stems are shortened, only segments from 10 to 15 centimeters long are left from them. The remaining segments, if desired, can be rooted like cuttings.
The flowering of such a plant is quite long: February – October. If you want pachistachis to delight you with flowers in winter, then additional lighting should be provided.
Spectacular and unusual spike-shaped inflorescences are similar to the ears of aphelandra. However, the inflorescences of pachystachis are more elongated. The yellow bracts look most impressive in the ears, which can retain their freshness and brightness for several weeks. The spongy flowers of an almost white color fly around rather quickly, after about three or four days.
Please note that pachistachis may not bloom with poor lighting. Strongly elongated, old and bare in the lower part of the stems form few inflorescences. And active formation of ears is observed on young stems. In this regard, if you want to achieve lush flowering, then force the bush to start up new shoots.
Flowering is observed already in young plants. There is also such that the stalk forms inflorescences only 2 months after rooting. After the inflorescence withers, new ears branch off from it, as a result, the bush blooms for a very long time. However, if you want the bush to look neat, then cut off its wilted inflorescences in a timely manner.
Pachistachis in the house: signs and superstitions
Like many other indoor plants, magical properties are attributed to the shrub. It is believed that it has a calming effect on emotional and very active people, on the other hand, it activates passive ones. Blooming yellow pachystachis have a beneficial effect on the relationship of married couples. They help to smooth out conflict situations, help to quickly come to an understanding and find a compromise.
If suddenly the plant begins to dry out and leaves fall off, this is a signal that close people may have trouble in the near future. The appearance of a bright color in the bracts, on the contrary, speaks of a pleasant event in the near future. The pakhistakhis brought as a gift is a wish for happiness and success in your personal life.
Video - recommendations on how to grow Pachistachis and achieve abundant flowering of the shrub at home: