6 varieties of bush cucumbers for outdoor use
A bushy form combined with high yields is the dream of any gardener with a limited area for planting vegetables. Modern bush cucumber varieties have already earned an excellent reputation. among lovers of fresh vegetables and rightfully took their place in the calendar of gardening. Description and characteristics of the most popular varieties of cucumber of this type are presented below.
What cucumbers are called bush
Shrubs are specially bred varieties and hybrid forms of cucumbers that differ in such common features as:
- compactness - the plant grows in the form of a small bush;
- short stem length - depending on the variety and growing conditions, the stem reaches a length of 30-70 cm;
- weak branching - side lashes are few in number and short;
- lots of ovaries;
- early maturity - bush varieties and hybrids are characterized by a short period of fruit ripening;
- "Friendliness" of the return of the harvest - all greens in the ovary reach maturity within a short period of time.
To obtain a bountiful harvest, bush cucumbers need abundant regular watering.
What is the difference between bush cucumbers
|Bush or short-stemmed cucumbers|
|Sprouting||In the form of a compact, strongly leafy bush with short lashes and fruit ovaries, resembling a flower brush - in one node there are several greens at the same time.|
|Growing conditions||Open plantings, less often in greenhouse or greenhouse conditions.|
|Ripening terms||Early, 40-50 days.|
|Disease resistance||High - due to quick ripening and ease of processing row spacings.|
|Yield||Medium, as there are fewer ovaries on short stems and lashes than on long-stemmed varieties.|
|Care||More simple due to the compactness and unpretentiousness of the plant.|
In addition, the advantages of bush cucumbers include long-term storage of the crop and excellent taste.
The variety of seed material allows gardeners to choose bush cucumbers according to parameters such as growing conditions, ripening times and methods of subsequent processing - only salad or also suitable for canning.
When choosing hybrid varieties, it should be borne in mind that it will not work to get seeds from them for subsequent plantings - the qualities inherent in the hybrid will not be preserved!
Among varietal options
Early maturing variety, pollinated by bees, planted in open soil. Ripens at 42-45 days. Fruits are sparsely lumpy, cylindrical, green. The variety has good keeping quality. Suitable for salting and preserving.
Early maturing, disease-resistant variety requiring pollination. Grown in open plantings from seeds and seedlings. Ripens at 46-48 days. Fruits are ovoid, dark green, lumpy. They are distinguished by good taste. In addition to salads, it can be used for pickling and canning.
Early ripe, pollinated variety with a ripening period of 47-50 days. They are planted in open soil. Fruits are dark green, medium-sized, with good taste. Suitable for pickles and preparations for the winter.
Early ripening variety Malysh with a stem length of no more than 30 cm. It is intended for growing in the open field. Ripens by 40 days from the moment of germination. Fruits are dark green with a large lumpy surface about 9 cm long. Resistant to powdery mildew and viruses.
Ultra-early ripe bunchy hybrid with low branching of stems for growing in open and closed ground. Ripens 37-38 days after germination. Self-pollinating hybrid with large lumpy oval fruits. Resistant to viruses and diseases.
An early maturing self-pollinating hybrid bred for growing in the open field. The ripening period is 47-52 days. Fruits are dark green, cylindrical, with whitish thorns. The variety is resistant to temperature fluctuations.
The name of a hybrid variety always contains the combination F1 - a marking confirming that the seeds belong to the first generation.
Landing in open ground
Such cucumbers can be planted as seeds directly in open ground or as pre-grown seedlings. The planting scheme is in rows with a row spacing of 45-60 cm and a distance between bushes of 15-30 cm, depending on the selected variety. In order to avoid the development of diseases, do not make the plantings too thick.
Cucumber seeds are sown into the ground at the end of May, when the soil and air have already warmed up well. For normal germination, this plant needs a temperature of + 20-25 ° C. In case of possible return frosts, crops should be covered with film or agrofibre.
For seedlings, seeds of bush cucumbers are sown in late April - early May. At the optimum temperature, seedlings appear on the 5-6th day. By the time of planting in the ground, the seedlings should have reached the age of 20 days. To protect it from temperature fluctuations, it is recommended to plant it under a film cover.
Bush cucumbers do not need much maintenance. Due to its compactness, it is even simplified, since, for example, bush forms do not need pinching and tying. Caring for this variety of cucumbers comes down to the following activities:
- watering - regular and abundant enough, but without excessive moisture, in order to prevent the development of fungal diseases, preferably with settled and not cold water in the early morning or late evening;
- feeding - systematic, since bush forms develop more intensively than long-stemmed ones, therefore they need more nutrients, in the form of nitrogenous and potassium fertilizers;
- soil loosening - regular, especially after watering, but careful so as not to damage the root system located close to the surface;
- weed control and the removal of sluggish or diseased leaves and fruits - in too dense and clogged plantings, the likelihood of developing diseases and the appearance of pests increases.
Diseases and pests
Like regular cucumbers, bush cucumbers can suffer from diseases such as:
- powdery mildew - a fungal disease, a sign of which is a white (sometimes sparse) powdery coating on the leaves;
- peronosporosis - downy mildew, manifested by numerous spots of light yellow color, covering the leaves;
- cladosporium or brown olive spot - also a fungal disease that manifests itself on the leaves and fruits in the form of small rounded ulcers of a green-brown or olive shade;
- anthracnose or copperhead - a disease in which large numbers of brown spots appear on the leaves, and wet ulcers on the fruits;
- sclerotinia or white rot - develops from fungi and affects the whole plant, starting to grow from numerous white bodies, gradually covering the stems, leaves and fruits with a continuous bloom, due to which their softening and decay occurs;
- gray rot - a bacterial disease, manifested in the form of vague watery brown spots, which quickly become covered with a smoky gray bloom;
- root rot - it is characterized by rapidly dying leaves and rotten red roots.
Diseases develop for reasons such as:
- violation of crop rotation;
- infected seed;
- overdried or overly moist soil in combination with thickened plantings;
- watering with cold water;
- poor-quality soil processing between plants;
- untimely harvesting of plant residues and weeds.
In addition to diseases, some garden pests are also enemies of cucumbers. These include:
- melon aphid;
- cucumber gnat;
- spider mite;
- sprout fly;
- root knot nematode;
- greenhouse whitefly;
Basic methods of pest control - spraying and strict adherence to agricultural techniques for growing cucumbers, especially pre-planting soil preparation.
Bush cucumbers are an excellent alternative to classic, long-stemmed varieties if planting space is limited. They are unpretentious and resistant to diseases, and in response to simple care they are ready to please with an abundant harvest of delicious fruits, which can be consumed fresh or harvested for the winter.
Cucumbers are the best varieties for open ground
Currently, the choice of varieties of cucumbers for open ground is very diverse. Therefore, many gardeners are lost when choosing which variety of cucumbers is best for open ground. When choosing, you should take into account the climate in which cucumbers will grow. So, thermophilic varieties will not give a high yield and will not show resistance to diseases when they are planted in the northern regions. Also, the choice of variety is influenced by the purpose for which you choose the cucumbers. There are varieties for preserving and for cutting salads.
The best self-pollinated varieties of cucumbers for open ground
Cucumbers are divided into bee-pollinated and self-pollinated, which have a stamen and pistil and can pollinate themselves. They are resistant to changes in air temperature and disease. They are characterized by high yield and good taste.
The most famous varieties of self-pollinated cucumbers:
- "Lapland F1"
- "Thumb Boy F1"
- "Herman F1"
The best pickling varieties of cucumbers for open ground
Outwardly, pickled varieties look like plump short cucumbers. They are the best suited for conservation. They should be harvested until they are fully ripe, until they are hard and inedible. Such cucumbers are thermophilic and prefer moderately moist soil. Pickled cucumbers have a crisp flavor. The most popular varieties:
- "Far Eastern"
- "Russian taste".
The best varieties of bush cucumbers for open ground
These cucumbers are distinguished by the fact that their lashes spread and can reach a length of up to 50 cm. Almost all varieties are early ripening, the harvest can be harvested within the first three weeks of fruiting. These cucumbers are short in length and are perfect for preserving. The most famous varieties include:
You will be able to choose the best varieties of cucumbers for you for open ground, depending on the climate in which they will grow and on the purpose for which they will be used.
High-yielding cucumber varieties
Verified varieties are chosen for planting. They produce crops even under unfavorable conditions and require very little maintenance.
It belongs to the early maturing. Very resistant to cold snaps. However, only when they do not take very long time. At the end of May, a landing is made in the ground. The fruits, as they ripen, are harvested for quite a long time. Cucumbers resemble small cylinders in shape. The surface is covered with tubercles. The fruits are dark green in color. Excellent variety for preservation.
Son of the regiment
The first fruits of these small gherkins appear after planting for a maximum of 45 days. By the type of flowering, they are female. The cucumbers themselves are oval, covered with rather large tubercles. They are rarely located on the surface. Fruits grow up to 8 cm. They cannot outgrow, which makes them especially valuable. They are not very susceptible to diseases.
High-yielding cucumber varieties Madame variety
Kornishonov is another representative. This is a mid-season variety. Feminine type of flowering. 48 days - the time of fruit ripening. Can be pollinated by bees. Cylindrical fruits up to 12 cm long. The tubercles are small. The color is bright green. White stripes are characteristic of this hybrid cucumber. They are subtle. The fruits are not prone to overgrowth.
High-yielding cucumber cultivars alligator cultivar
Good hybrid for soil. It belongs to a self-pollinated species. It also bears fruit well in the greenhouse. Cucumbers are 40 cm long, they are dark green, with small. Dark green fruits reach a length of 40 cm, small tubercles on their surface. Cucumbers taste sweet. A hybrid has a high resistance to various diseases.
High-yielding cucumber varieties Chinese disease-resistant
Strong, very resistant plant with small leaves. The name suggests that this variety is not very susceptible to various kinds of diseases. It tolerates temperature changes perfectly. Fruit color is green. Cucumbers with a completely flat surface without tubercles, their length is 35 cm.
An early hybrid. This hybrid is well cultivated at home, on a balcony or veranda. And for open ground, April is an excellent choice. The first cucumbers appear on the 55th day. Cucumbers grow large, their weight is 250 grams, length is 25 cm. Large fruits weighing up to 250 grams and a length of 25 cm. The length of the fruits is not as great as in previous varieties, but the weight is impressive. These sweetish cucumbers are well suited to salads, and are also used to prepare various dishes. From the name itself, it is clear that seeds can be planted in April. The variety is really very resistant to changes in the weather, not pretentious with respect to soils.
A variety similar to April. What unites them is that landing quite early is possible. Erofei is pollinated by bees, so he has no other options for planting, except for soil. Fruits are very small, elongated, up to 7 cm, medium tuberosity. The taste is sweetish. These cucumbers are good in salads and for canning. Powdery mildew is not terrible for an already grown plant; Erofei is practically not susceptible to it.
Super early ripening hybrid. It is very little susceptible to changes in air temperature. For this reason, this is an excellent option for soil. Dark green gherkins, 10 cm long, covered with small tubercles. At the end of May, the seeds are planted in the beds. Care is most needed. A large harvest is always collected from the plot.
High-yielding cucumber varieties Connie's variety
The variety is mid-season. The end of May is the best time to put seeds in the ground. Flowers are pollinated by bees. At the end of 45 days, the first cucumbers ripen and they can be removed from the branches. The first fruits appear after 45 days, so this variety can be attributed to early ripening. In shape, the fruits are similar to cylinders, their length is 8 cm. Do not be afraid that they will outgrow their size - this is excluded. Salads, canning are the main areas of application for Corinna cucumbers.
For lovers of a vegetable such as a cucumber, their size is often very important. The larger the cucumber, the more difficult it is to preserve it, and its taste after salting will be poor. Therefore, small-sized vegetables are the most acceptable in any quality. This is a mid-season variety, when ripe, the length of the fruit is 12 cm. It is also necessary to take into account the elementary fact that the plants of this variety are pollinated only by bees, therefore the most convenient way of planting it is to place the seeds in the ground.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
By using the seedling method of growing bush cucumbers, you can get an early harvest. Before planting seeds for seedlings, they must be placed in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate and sent to the refrigerator for one hour. This procedure is carried out for the purpose of disinfection and hardening of the planting material. After that, you can plant cucumber seeds in peat tablets or cups. It is very convenient to use this method: when planting seedlings in the ground, the root system is not damaged.
You can fill seedling containers with purchased soil or soil from your garden, mixed with ordinary cow humus or overfilled chicken droppings. The most suitable for growing cucumbers, according to experienced gardeners, are loamy and sandy loam soils... If you maintain the air temperature within 20-25 degrees and provide the plants with moderate watering, then the first shoots will appear in your nurseries on the 6-7th day.
The prepared seeds can be sown directly into the open ground, after which the bed can be covered with non-woven agromaterial. Under cover, the plant will develop better and bear fruit faster.
When the fifth leaf grows on your plants, feel free to plant seedlings in prepared beds. It is best to engage in planting cucumbers in open ground from the second decade of May to early June. Do not forget about the temperature of the soil, which must be warmed up up to 18-20 degrees... Cover the plants with foil or agrofibre to prevent possible frosts in May from damaging them. The resulting greenhouse effect will provide young seedlings with comfortable conditions.
When the stems come into contact with the film, you need to open the shelter in the daytime. Otherwise, the leaves will rest against the film and get burned. Also, this procedure is performed in order to harden the plant.
You need to plant seedlings at a distance 20-25 cm apart... This is quite enough for airing the plant, for the convenience of removing weeds and hilling bushes. The distance between the rows must be at least 40 centimeters.
Characteristics of undersized or bush cucumbers
Common culture belongs to the category of indeterminate liana-like. On average, cucumber stalks reach 1.5–3 m, and often give side shoots. At the same time, the green mass is growing, but the yield may decrease. Gardeners have to cut off the antennae and excess shoots and make sure that the stems do not get confused and do not deform under each other's weight. A bush cucumber belongs to short-stemmed or undersized, even under the most favorable conditions, its stem does not grow more than 80 cm.On one lash there are no more than two branches. The internodes of the cucumber are much shorter, so the plant looks very compact and takes up a minimum of space. These include the best varieties for Siberia.
Bush cucumbers belong to the category of indeterminate liana-like
Most of the varieties are bee-pollinated and intended for cultivation in open ground. There are also special varieties for greenhouses.
What sizes do the fruits reach?
The yield of bush cucumbers is lower than that of many climbing cucumbers, but all such plants are early ripening. Fruits can be harvested within 20 days after planting. The size of the cucumbers is small - 10–12 cm, the weight reaches 100 g. The fruits have excellent taste and are equally well suited for immediate consumption, and are excellent for pickling and canning.
The early ripening of cucumber provides another advantage - resistance to various diseases. The fruits have time to ripen before the conditions for the development of diseases and garden crops appear, and this allows you to completely preserve the harvest.
It is preferable to grow a crop using a seedling method in order to appreciate all the advantages of early maturity. After planting, the bushes are covered with a film, thereby protecting them from frost. As soon as the seedlings reach the height of the film, the latter is removed: further cold snaps will no longer affect the culture.
You can plant bush cucumbers in the same area no more than once every 5 years. Vegetables require a lot of nitrogen, need feeding and quickly deplete the soil.
Bush cucumbers have a number of benefits:
- early maturity - about 40 days
- simple care - the bushes are planted in rows: the distance between the plants is 25 cm, between the rows - 45 cm. Since the growth of bush cucumbers is limited, the distance between the rows is completely preserved. This greatly facilitates maintenance.
- compactness - the average length of the stem is 60 cm, rarely 80 cm.Accordingly, the bushes did not grow and retain their shape
- excellent taste, in no way inferior to ordinary climbing vegetables
- very resistant to disease, since they have time to mature before the onset of the development of most ailments
- fruits are equally well suited for canning and fresh consumption
- long-term storage of fresh is possible and also well tolerate transportation
- the harvest ripens in the shortest possible time and is removed almost simultaneously. At the same time, the fruits are homogeneous and approximately equal in size.
Read about gray rot of tomatoes here.
Vegetables need to be harvested every day, or even twice a day, as cucumbers tend to over-ripen. At the same time, their taste is reduced.
Late varieties of cucumbers
Now you can get acquainted with late-ripening varieties of plants that are grown in the open field. Let's consider the most common and popular ones.
This variety, in spite of its late maturity, yields a harvest on the 64th day after transplanting seedlings, is a plant of long fruiting - the crop can be harvested before the first frost. The plant has a strong branching and requires a garter and bush formation. The fruits are tasty, crispy at 16 cm long and weighing 220 g. The hybrid lacks natural bitterness. The fruit is universal, suitable for both salting and salads.
The hybrid is distinguished by high climbing ability, due to which it bears fruit for a long time. The plant is drought-resistant, resistant to diseases and viruses. Suitable for salting.
Late-ripening variety with long fruiting. Forms many lateral cuttings. This plant requires a lot of space to grow, so it is planted over large areas. Cucumbers are 12 cm long and weigh 138 g. Cucumbers are very attractive in appearance; light green stripes and rare tubercles are formed on the dark green surface.
A late-ripening variety that produces many layering, due to which it bears fruit until the very frost. Feels great outdoors. Salted culture, which lacks natural bitterness. Resistant to many diseases.
A very late variety that yields 70 days after transplanting the seedlings to a permanent location. The plant gives a lot of lashes, therefore it requires a garter and the formation of a bush. Cucumbers grow 12 cm long and weigh 130 grams. Ideal for outdoor use.
Sowing vegetable crops in greenhouses, which will need the assistance of bees for full pollination, is not an option. Experts recommend giving preference to self-pollinating varieties, because this way you will be sure of the effectiveness of your choice. Among the key benefits of such cucumbers is their versatility in the first place. This vegetable crop can be grown in greenhouse conditions both for pickling and for fresh consumption. At the same time, greenhouse cucumbers are transportable, and also show high resistance to various diseases. What types of greenhouse cucumbers are most suitable for Ukraine?
By planting cucumbers belonging to this variety in your greenhouse, you can get a harvest after 45 days. The fruits are considered to be very resistant to the negative effects of external factors, for example, diseases. They are not large in size, and are appreciated among vegetable growers due to their taste. They are very often used for pickling.
The fruits of this hybrid variety ripen early enough. In addition, this is another representative of self-pollinating cucumbers. Subject to proper care of this vegetable crop, you can, as a result, get 4-6 kg of fruits from one bush. A characteristic feature of the variety is the fact that you do not need to treat such cucumbers too abundantly and often with various protective agents, since they are very resistant to diseases. Thanks to a considerable list of advantages, this vegetable crop has become quite popular among experienced gardeners.
If you are looking for fruitful varieties of greenhouse cucumbers, you need to stop your attention on this variety of vegetable crops. After about a month and a half, and possibly even earlier, you will be able to evaluate the first stage of the harvest. Interestingly, the cucumber fruits of this variety stand out for their good taste characteristics.
Even if the microclimate around is hot, this will not in any way affect the quality of the fruits, since bitterness is not inherent in them. The product turns out to be universal, due to the lack of bitterness in the taste, it is perfect for both light vegetable salads and for pickling.
This is another self-pollinating cucumber variety that actively grows and ripens very early. It braids, but does not grow too much. These cucumbers contain seeds, but in small quantities. In addition, there is no bitterness in the taste. Interestingly, this vegetable crop shows high resistance to various fungal diseases. Some farmers prefer to grow cucumber crops not only in greenhouses, but also outdoors. This is allowed with this variety, but keep in mind that the yield in this case will not be too high.
This variety is characterized by a high yield. The fruits ripen small, there are sweetish notes in the taste, besides, the cucumbers are crispy. This vegetable crop will take its rightful place on the dining table. It can be used fresh in cooking, but an equally interesting option is pickling these cucumbers.
Among the diseases that are not terrible for this culture, the mosaic virus, powdery mildew, and cladosporia are distinguished. In general, the process of growing cucumbers at home is not so difficult. The main thing is to decide for what purpose and where exactly you are going to sow this vegetable crop. If you do everything right, know when to plant cucumbers for seedlings, how often to feed and water them, the results will certainly satisfy you.