Ficus pumila

Ficus pumila


The Ficus Pumila is characterized by an extremely small, evergreen climbing shrub that comes from the central-southern part of the Asian continent.

This climbing plant is characterized by having a climbing or prostrate posture and has a particular tendency to attach itself, in most cases, to any support by exploiting its aerial roots.

The stems of the Ficus Pumila plant are characterized by being decidedly thin and branched and allow the development of a shrub with decidedly compact features, with a length that can even reach 70-80 centimeters.

The leaves of this climbing shrub are characterized by having rather small dimensions, with an oval shape and a bright green color. Furthermore, it is important to highlight that there are many cultivars in nature, which can be small-leaved or variegated with white.

In nature, the climbing plant of the ficus pumila it is characterized by the production of small flowers, and then waiting for the fruits to arrive, even if they are not easily found in the specimens that are grown within our territory. In any case, these are small plants that are grown, in most cases, in hanging baskets and often pruning takes place every year to ensure the maintenance of a decidedly more compact and contained vegetation.


The exposure of the ficus pumila must take place in a very bright environment, with winter temperatures that are around 15-18 degrees centigrade.

During the summer season, this climbing plant can also be placed outdoors, but always placing it in a shady or semi-shady environment, which is not directly exposed to the sun's rays during the hottest hours of the day.

As for watering, it is necessary to highlight how they must be carried out regularly and constantly, without letting too much time pass between one watering and the other during the year.

Equal attention must be paid to humidity, avoiding that it reaches too high levels due to watering.

During the winter and spring seasons, the advice is to sporadically vaporize the foliage of the kaki plant with demineralized water.

At periodic intervals of 10-15 days, it is necessary to add fertilizer for green plants, which must be mixed with the water that characterizes the watering.


From the point of view of the soil, the ficus pumila plant is characterized by having to be planted within a substrate that has a considerable amount of organic matter inside, but which at the same time is rather soft and with a good level of drainage.

In any case, these are plants that have a rather developed root system and for this reason they must be inserted inside rather large containers or, alternatively, they must be repotted about every two years.

The multiplication of the ficus pumila plant, in nature, occurs by seed, since the seed cannot be easily found.

In most cases, these are plants that must be multiplied by the cutting technique: in fact, the portions of the stem that are taken from the plant are characterized by rooting extremely quickly and must be repotted immediately inside a single container.

As for the pests and diseases that can affect this climbing plant, it is necessary to highlight how it is a species of ficus that can count on an excellent level of resistance against diseases, while instead it often suffers from the attack of parasites of the caliber of cochineal, aphids, mites and thrips.

Ficus pumila: Use

Since it is a drooping and climbing plant, it is used in most cases for covering bare walls where temperatures do not drop below certain thresholds.

At these latitudes you can easily see the ficus pumila plant inside the potted offices and, in this case, it is used on numerous occasions in the variegated variety, like a real house plant.

In any case, it is a plant that can count on an excellent resistance against cold temperatures, to the point that several people also exploit it on warm walls in numerous terraces.

In fact, the small and quite dense leaf is the ideal solution to create an excellent background for other plants, especially during the winter season, also because the only alternative is represented by ivy leaves.

Another rather frequent use of this climbing plant is that which allows to cover the external stairways of the gardens, which have flower beds or earth on the sides, in such a way as to be able to develop the plants of ficus pumila to perfection.

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