Information About Indian Almond

Information About Indian Almond

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Indian Almond Care – Tips For Growing Tropical Almond Trees

By Teo Spengler

Some plants like it hot, and Indian almond trees are among them. Interested in Indian almond cultivation? You?ll only be able to start growing the tree if you live where it?s toasty year round. Click here for more information about Indian almond care.

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Myrobalanus: A Tropical Almond Tree

Known locally as "country-almond," "Indian-almond," "sea-almond," 'Malabar-almond," "tropical almond," "false kamani," "almendron," "alcornoque" and on Reunion as "amandier bord-de-mer" or "badamier," this handsome tree is a common sight in most coastal tropical areas around the world. But let's all become more familiar with it. Although Terminalia catappa is the accepted Latin name today, this tree bears no less than sixteen synonyms amongst which Badamia commersonii, Juglans catappa, Myrobalanus catappa and so on. note here that 'badam' means 'almond' in Hindi and 'juglans' is the genera for walnut trees.

It is part of the Combretaceae family which is divided into 18 genera and 500 species, the genus Terminalia itself counts between 150 and 250 species, one of them (Terminalia bentzoë) being endemic to Mauritius and Reunion islands. Its original area is believed to be New-Guinea Papuasia but it has has spread rapidly to southeast Asia, India, northern Australia and Polynesia, both through human travels and because of the dry fruits floating on water hence disseminated by sea currents.

This large tree can reach 15 to 25 meters (45 to 75 feet) high. It usually grows a main trunk with large low horizontal branches which give it a unique look. Mature trees can grow impressive buttress roots which act as stabilizing systems. The leaves are rather large (up to one foot long) and appear as clusters at the end of shoots, turning yellow-orange to bright red before falling. Those leaves fall during the dry season and the tree usually grows back new leaves soon enough so they do not stay naked for long. Our myrobalanus grows close to shore but can be found inland up to 400m (1200 feet) in elevation. If one strolls near such trees during the dry season while leaves fall, one will soon find out that those leaves turn water in puddles into a dark red color. This is because of the high content of tannins which are powerful coloring natural chemicals, and the leaves also contain diterpenes, triterpens, flavonoids and phenolics. Tropical fish enthusiasts have been using those leaves since years to boost health and vigor among their fishes. One large leaf for 40 liters of water has great effects as it fights bacterias, fungi, parasites, promotes activity and boosts brighter colors, relieves stress and is effective for propagation. And it will also give a reddish-brown tint to aquarium waters, closer to the water naturally found in the tropics, rather than crystal-clear water from the tap!

Flowers on the tree are far from showy small yellowish things about 4mm in diameter, they come in pendulous racemes up to half a foot long. Fruits are much more interesting: they grow up to 10cm long and 6cm wide, they have an ovoid though slightly flattened shape, range from yellow to reddish-brown or purple in color. They contain a very edible white almond protected by a hard coat which has to be carefully smashed in order not to ruin the precious almond, this coat itself is surrounded by an edible flesh. yes of course the common name "almond tree" is not a joke here! The 'real' almond (Pyrus amygdalus) comes from Central Asia but is largely linked to Mediterranea and is mentioned in the Bible, so this is another story. Our tropical almond is of course different but certainly deserves more attention than most regular tourists would give it, and I know my readers are not the regular kind of tourist! Anyway, let us get hold of a rather solid stone and find a less-solid stand in order to access to the famous almond of our island. The ripe flesh is edible itself though unable to compete with mangoes or guava but if this is all you got you better use it than fast. It has a rather stringent taste, the slightly acidic juice will stench your thirst even the meat does not do the same for hunger. The green fruits can be preserved in vinegar just like gherkins. Although rarely eaten on Reunion except by kids and gullies roamers like me, it is an important crop in parts of sotheast Asia like in Vanuatu where the dry nuts are sold in local stores. In New-Britain and Bougainville island (close to New-Guinea) the almonds are dried over fire or smoked so they can be kept longer. The almond contains 40 to 50% of lipidic compounds and can be processed to get a good quality oil which does not become rancid with time.

Besides this great food value, the tree has many other uses the timber is turned into canoes and small statues in Vanuatu, it also makes quality pieces for house framing lumber. On Wallis (near New-Caledonia) drums are carved in the trunk and on Kiribati the whole tree is the favourite of the goddess Nei Tituaabane. The bark is effective to treat coughing (by extracting the juice) and urinary disorders (decoction). Crushed leaves relieve bad digestion, the high tannin level is a good remedy for diarroea, against fever, liver troubles, rheumatism as well as a tooth-ache remedy.

As stated before, the genera Terminalia has many species and several produce edible flesh or almonds. T. fernandiana which is endemic to Northern Australia is eaten by aboriginal people as its flesh contains sixty times more C vitamin than oranges ! T.impediens, which originates from New-Guinea and has been introduced to the Salomon archipelago is sought after for the almonds and carefully kept whenever people clear land by slash and burning for new crops. T. samoensis which is a small treelet produces fruits and almonds both enjoyed in Vanuatu and Samoa, this one grows on coral soil.

Another much enjoyed feature this tree offer is a soothing shade when the scorching tropical sun tries to fry you alive! The solid branches are perfect to hang hammocks and will allow you to peacefully snooze while trade winds would gently rock you. which seems the perfect way to end our adventure today. Until next time!

20 Health Benefits of Tropical Almond – Essential Nutrients

Scientific review: Dr Heben's Team

There are various Health Benefits of Almonds. Especially, there are many health benefits of tropical almond. One that I know the benefit is keeping our facial skin still young. Do you like almonds? Almonds can be used as a snack, and get a sensation when chewing because it tastes crispy and tasty. Perhaps, for Indonesia itself, we rarely hear the word “almond”. But, maybe you will immediately know if I call it with Ketapang or Katapang. In English, ketapang is known as Tropical almond, Beach almond, Sea almond, Indian almond, Bengal almond, Singapore almond, Malabar almond, Talisay tree, Umbrella tree, etc.

In Indonesia itself, there are many different names depends on where the tropical almond is located. In Bugis, this is called “atapang”. Ketapas is the name of tropical almond for you who live at Timor. For people who stay at Minangkabau, they called it “katapieng”. In Nias, ketapang known as “katafia”. In Batak, this fruit called “hatapang”. In Papua, this almond is called with the name “kalis” by people there. And in Rote, you will call it “lisa”. Wah, there are so many names. The scientific name of ketapang or tropical almond is Terminalia catappa. This fruit comes from Southeast Asia.

Tropical Almond lives in the lowlands to a height of 500 meters with rainfall of 1,000 to 3,500 mm per year. Therefore, you can find this tree around the coast. Because the trees are shady and tall, tropical almonds can accompany you who want to sit underneath while enjoying the beauty of the beach. The fruit is cute because the size is small and round like eggs. When the young fruit is yellowish green but will turn into a purple-red when it ripe. A country with many tropical almond trees is Nigeria.

Nutrients of Tropical Almond

Ketapang or tropical almonds have many nutrients. According to research conducted by Ezeokonkwo and Dodson in 2004, these seeds of tropical almonds have so many proteins and also have amino acids such as leucine, phenylalanine, isoleucine, histidine, valine, tryptophan, threonine, methionine, lysine and tyrosine.

Moreover, Praveena’s research in 2004 showed that tropical almonds contain phytochemicals such as steroids, triterpenes, carbohydrates, triterpenoids saponins, alkaloids, polyphenols, flavonoids, tannins, and glycosides.
When dried, ketapang seeds will produce yellow oil, which rich in various fatty acids such as oleic acid (23.3%), palmitic acid (55.5%), linoleic acid, myristic acid, and stearic acid.

Furthermore, these tropical almond seeds have 16% sugar, 25% protein, and various types of amino acids. The skin of this almond tropical wood’s tissue contains 11% -23% tannins.

In the data owned by the USDA National Nutrient, the following nutrition is owned Tropical Almond per 100 g is :

See? There are so many nutrients that provide by Tropical Almond. Do you want to know more information about this tropical almond? In the list below, we will present you information about the various benefits that exist in tropical almonds. Please pay attention to the very useful data below :

1. Leaf use for herbal treatment

Some flavonoids such as kaempferol or quercetin, tannin content such as punicalin, punicalagin or tercatin, saponins and phytosterols that contained in the leaves can be used for herbal treatment. For example, the use of leaves from tropical almond trees to treat liver diseases is done in Taiwan.

For those of you who are suffering dysentery and diarrhea, you will get the benefit from this tropical almond if you use the leaves as ingredients to make herbal tea.

2. Benefits from fruits and seeds of tropical almond

According to a research conducted by a University abroad more precisely at the University of Toronto, Canada, North American Continent, show that if we consume fruits and seeds of tropical almonds, this will bring benefits to our body because it has the effect to lower cholesterol more than 30% because of the help from calcium.

Moreover, tropical almond seeds contain vitamin E which has a role to reduce the amount of C-reactive protein that can cause inflammation of the arteries that lead to increased risk of heart attack.

3. Hepatitis treatment

Research by Lin et al (1997), shows that this tropical almond has strong antipathetic effects including superoxide radical scavenger activity to treat hepatitis.

4. Treat skin disease like dermatitis

There are so many benefits that we can get from the leaves of this almond tropical tree. One of them is to treat skin diseases dermatitis which is skin becomes redness, pain and swelling also have small blisters caused by irritation due to external factors or due to the reaction when allergic.

6. Good for pregnant woman

Another health benefits of tropical almonds is the content of folic acid that helps to reduce the incidence that can be dangerous for the babies such as of birth defects in newborn babies is very needed by pregnant women. So, for those of you who are pregnant, we strongly recommend you to make tropical almonds as your snack from now on. Another suggestion , try Benefits of Peanuts during Pregnancy.

7. Good for your stomach

By eating the seeds of tropical almond fruit, you can get the benefits for your stomach because the oil that is in the seeds of tropical almond fruit efficacious to reduce inflammation of the abdominal cavity.

8. Natural Beauty Treatments

The outer shell of the almond tropical tree and the fruit is usually used for tanning the skin, as a natural dye, and also as ink. For those of you who suffer from leprosy, scabies or another skin diseases, you will get the benefit if you cooking using leaves from tropical almond trees.

9. Rich of Fiber

The fruit is very useful because not only tastes like almonds and although it tastes a bit sour but also contains fiber that is beneficial to your body.

10. Improve Overall Health

Research shows that the extraction of tropical almonds helps the body avoid various diseases such as constipation, respiratory disorders, impotence, diabetes, cough, heart problems, etc.

Medical experts recommend the people to start eating tropical almonds with other foods every day because of the many benefits that we can get from tropical almonds.

10. Anti-cancer

Most of the health benefits of tropical almonds we get from the leaves. not only the leaves are useful for the herbal treatment, evidently, that leaf contains a substance that can prevent cancer and have antioxidant content. This almond tropical extract can fight the strains of Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine (CQ) -resistant (FcB1) and CQ-sensitive (HB3). There are another Ways How to Prevent Cancer Naturally With Foods and Habits . But, you can choose to try the tropical almond to prevent cancer.

11. Good for fish

For you who a lover of ornamental fish, especially betta fish, you will get the benefit from the leaves of tropical almond trees. These leaves contain 12 kinds of tannis that have the effect to improve health and extend the life of the fish. If you put these leaves in the aquarium, the pH content and the heavy metal content of water can go down. The leaves also work to fight some parasites and pathogenic bacteria. Another function of these leaves is to prevent the formation of mushrooms in fish eggs.

12. Utilization of wood

Wood from tropical almond trees that known as red-brown Terminalia has a red color like a brick color and also brown color. The wood is quite hard and has high water resistance but has a weakness because it is easy to enter or eaten by termites. This wood can be used to make a boat or the venir ( the thin sheet of wood) can be used as one the of the materials when you want to make a house.

Another benefit of tropical almond:

  1. Improves mindset and memory
  2. Anti-aging properties because the type I collagen and the production of type I procollagen based on the research.
  3. Source of energy that can increase stamina
  4. Antimicrobial Activity – Based on research conducted by Chandra et al., (2011), the results show that tropical almonds can treat the disease that caused by microorganism-related effectively.
  5. Antinociceptive Properties – Research conducted by Arjariya et al., (2013) shows that the leaves of the tropical almond tree contain analgesic properties, which can be mediated through the central and peripheral mechanisms.

How to use tropical almond?

Besides that we get the benefit from tropical almonds for health, you can also use tropical almonds as oil, syrup and even milk. Sweet almond oil can be used to make soap and conditioning oil. Almond tropical oil is also used to make lip balm, lotion cream, and massage oil. Wow, the benefits of tropical almonds can be for beauty too, doesn’t it? The best time to eat tropical almonds is when your stomach is empty so we can absorb the nutrients. You also can try Benefits of Honey On An Empty Stomach.

Who likes milk? You must be like milk, do you? There are so many Health Benefits of Milk. Evidently, tropical almond can be converted into milk. In fact, this tropical almond milk does not contain cholesterol or lactose and can be used in many recipes. You want to try it?

Q. Slow Plant growth – Tree Plantation

I had planted Indian almond sapling on the foot path near a building in Mumbai (India). Now 3 months are passed away and growth is very less. Some symptom i have seen are,Traces of cutting on leaves,no new leaves are coming but the existing one are getting bigger. I suspect the problem of root rot because i had found clay soil at the time of planting seedling. Need your advice to rectify the problem.

Thank you Sir for the valuable guidance.

I ahve read all the topic about soil improvement and use of compost or rotten mnure compost.

Indian almond leaf people ask

What are Catappa leaves?

If you’re an aquarist, you’ve probably heard of Indian almond leaves (also known as Catappa leaves).

These leaves of the Terminalia catappa tree are especially popular in the betta and shrimp hobby as a natural medicine and water conditioner.

indian almond leaves betta

What do Indian almond leaves do?
Indian Almond Leaves are commonly used for conditioning and care of Bettas.

They are believed to aid the fish in a number of ways, they increase fertility, health, and vigour. Reduce Ph in water, aid in the recovery of diseased or damaged fish and the tannin quickly colours the water.

indian almond leaves aquarium

How do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
Keep your Indian almond leaves in a dry place at room temperature until you wish to use them. …
If the tree may have been sprayed with pesticides or grows in a big city with lots of pollution, rinse the Indian almond leaves well in tap water before placing it in your tank.

indian almond leaves dried

In aquarium use, Indian almond leaves refer to the dried leaves of the Terminalia catappa tree – a tree that is native to Southeast Asia

Indian almond leaves are said to help combat fish diseases and prevent stress by … After drying them, they are ready for use in the aquarium.

Inducing Spawning If you want to breed some fries out of your betta couple, ketapang are a great tool for inducing spawning. Just like human beings, they work

1000 indian almond leaves

In case you didn’t know, we do not source dry catappa leaves from any supplier. … Every single leaf is inspected before they are ready for packing.

100 catappa indian almond leaves

aquatic arts indian almond leaves

Indian Almond Leaves are a popular treat for dwarf shrimp and aquatic snails. As a leaf decays in the water, it produces a large amount of biofilm

Aquarium Use – For Live Freshwater Shrimp, Snails, Fish (Betta, Otocinclus) Tank Health. Provides a great grazing spot for dwarf shrimp, snails, fish, and other surface-feeding animals.

using indian almond leaves after boiling

When you first add an Indian almond leaf to your tank, it will float on the surface.

Pre-soaking Indian almond leaves in fresh water (use a water conditioner!) will release some of

the tannins, resulting in a weaker effect when you place it in your aquarium. The trick is to soak, not boil, your Indian almond leaf.

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1: A service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health
2: Baek Nam-In Kennelly E.J. Kardono L.B.S. Tsauri S. Padmawinata K. Soejarto D.D. Kinghorn A.D., “Flavonoids and a proanthrocyanidin from rhizomes of Selliguea feei”. Phytochemistry, 1994, vol. 36, no2, pp. 513-518 (19 ref.)

3: Ute Nöthlings, Suzanne P. Murphy, Lynne R. Wilkens, Brian E. Henderson & Laurence N. Kolone. 2007. “Flavonols and Pancreatic Cancer Risk”. American Journal of Epidemiology 166 (8): 924–931.

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Rhizo_1 (North AL) zone 7

Possible to post a picture of your plant? Or, attach a link to what you found on the web that looks like it. I'm guessing that it's one of the many ficus species used as indoor specimens.


A couple of questions just to clear things up a bit:

Are you certain of the origin of this cutting? What did the person who gave it to you tell you about its source? Was it one of the mall plants? If so, you might be best off asking the management of the mall who contracts to maintain their plants, then ask them. Care of indoor plants is quite a large business in many urban areas, and I am sure they would be glad to tell you what they are growing and placing in the malls.

Is your impression that it is a type of almond based only your internet search in which you found similar leaves? If so, your identification is by no means certain, since so many leaves look similar in photographs. Rhizo may very well be correct that it is one of the common ficus species.

There is a Gardenweb forum on indoor container growing, in which appropriate soil mixes for this type of culture are one of the most common of topics. You might rather want to visit that forum than this one, which is concerned principally with fruitgrowing.

I was a little puzzled by your comment that Canadian tire stores sell these tropical plants. Surely, Canadian nurseries do not also sell tires.